Bordet, Jules

Bordet, Jules

▪ Belgian bacteriologist
in full  Jules-Jean-Baptiste-Vincent Bordet 
born June 13, 1870, Soignies, Belg.
died April 6, 1961, Brussels
 Belgian physician, bacteriologist, and immunologist who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1919 for his discovery of factors in blood serum (serum) that destroy bacteria; this work was vital to the diagnosis and treatment of many dangerous contagious diseases.

      Bordet's research on the destruction of bacteria and red corpuscles in blood serum, conducted at the Pasteur Institute, Paris (1894–1901), contributed significantly to the foundation of serology, the study of immune reactions in body fluids. In 1895 he found that two components of blood serum are responsible for the rupture of bacterial cell walls (bacteriolysis): one is a heat-stable antibody found only in animals already immune to the bacterium; the other is a heat-sensitive substance found in all animals and was named alexin (it is now called complement). Three years later Bordet discovered that red blood cells from one animal species that are injected into another species are destroyed through a process ( hemolysis) analogous to bacteriolysis.

      In Brussels, where Bordet founded and directed (1901–40) what is now the Pasteur Institute of Brussels, he continued his immunity research with Octave Gengou, his brother-in-law. Their work led to the development of the complement-fixation test, a diagnostic technique that was used to detect the presence of infectious agents in the blood, including those that cause typhoid (typhoid fever), tuberculosis, and, most notably, syphilis (the Wassermann test). After discovering (with Gengou in 1906) the bacterium, now known as Bordetella pertussis, that is responsible for whooping cough, Bordet became professor of bacteriology at the Free University of Brussels (1907–35).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bordet, Jules — ► (1870 1961) Bacteriólogo belga. Descubrió el bacilo de la tos ferina. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1919 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bordet , Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent — (1870–1961) Belgian immunologist Bordet was born in Soignies, Belgium, and graduated in medicine from Brussels University in 1892. In 1894 joined the Pasteur Institute, Paris, where he worked under the bacteriologist Elie Metchnikoff. In… …   Scientists

  • Bordet, Jules-Jean-Baptiste-Vincent — (1870 1961).    Born in Zinnik, in the province of Hainault, on 13 June 1870, Jules Bordet studied bacteriology and seriology. In 1901, he was appointed director of the Institut Pasteur and, in 1907, a professor in bacteriology at the Université… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Bordet, Jules (-Jean-Baptiste-Vincent) — (13 jun. 1870, Soignies, Bélgica–6 abr. 1961, Bruselas). Bacteriólogo e inmunólogo belga. En 1895 descubrió que dos componentes del suero provocan bacteriolisis (rotura de la pared bacteriana), uno es un anticuerpo termoestable en animales… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bordet, Jules (-Jean-Baptiste–Vincent) — born June 13, 1870, Soignies, Belg. died April 6, 1961, Brussels Belgian bacteriologist and immunologist. In 1895 he found that two blood serum components cause bacteriolysis (bacterial cell wall rupture), one a heat stable antibody in animals… …   Universalium

  • Bordet — Bordet, Jules …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bordet — Jules Bordet Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent Bordet (* 13. Juni 1870 in Soignies, Belgien; † 6. April 1961 in Brüssel, Belgien) war ein belgischer Biologe; er spezialisierte sich auf die Immunologie und die Bakteriologie. Für seine Entdeckungen auf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent Bordet — Jules Bordet Jules Bordet Naissance 1870 Soignies Décès 1961 (à 91 ans) Bruxelles Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jules Bordet — Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent Bordet (* 13. Juni 1870 in Soignies, Belgien; † 6. April 1961 in Brüssel, Belgien) war ein belgischer Biologe; er spezialisierte sich auf die Immunologie und die Bakteriologie. Für seine Entdeckungen au …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jules Bordet — Nombre Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent B …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”