Blackwell, Antoinette Brown

Blackwell, Antoinette Brown

▪ American minister
née  Antoinette Louisa Brown  
born May 20, 1825, Henrietta, N.Y., U.S.
died Nov. 5, 1921, Elizabeth, N.J.
 first woman to be ordained a minister of a recognized denomination in the United States.

      Antoinette Brown was a precocious child and at an early age began to speak at meetings of the Congregational church to which she belonged. She attended Oberlin College, completing the literary (nondegree) course in 1847 and, after overcoming objections by family, faculty, and friends (even reformer Lucy Stone (Stone, Lucy) was taken aback by the idea), completed the theological course in 1850. Although her professors had allowed her to preach, they refused to license her or allow her to graduate. She was an itinerant preacher and lecturer until September 1853, when she was ordained minister of the Congregational church in South Butler, New York; she became thereby the first ordained woman minister in the country.

      Brown was active in many reform movements, particularly those for abolition, temperance, and women's rights. Despite her considerable achievements and her status as an accredited delegate, she was barred from addressing the World's Temperance Convention in New York in 1853 on grounds of her sex. Her changing religious convictions led her to resign her pastorate in July 1854, and shortly thereafter she became a Unitarian minister and served a church in Elizabeth, New Jersey. In January 1856 she married Samuel C. Blackwell, a brother of Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell (Blackwell, Elizabeth), whose other brother Henry had married Lucy Stone a few months earlier. Although she retired then from public activity, she contributed articles to the Woman's Journal, a suffrage periodical, and carried on a broad and varied program of study in the physical and social sciences and in other fields. This study bore fruit in several books: Studies in General Science (1869), The Sexes Throughout Nature (1875), The Physical Basis of Immortality (1876), The Philosophy of Individuality (1893), The Making of the Universe (1914), and The Social Side of Mind and Action (1915). She also wrote a novel and a volume of verse. Her last years were spent in Elizabeth.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Blackwell, Antoinette Brown — (1825 1921)    pioneer woman minister    Antoinette Brown, the first female Protestant minister to be ordained with the approval of a church judicatory, was born in Henrietta, New York, on May 20, 1825. She began to speak publicly during worship… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Antoinette Brown Blackwell — Antoinette Louisa Brown, later Antoinette Brown Blackwell (May 20, 1825 ndash; November 5, 1921), was the first woman to be ordained as a minister in the United States. She was a well versed public speaker on the paramount issues of her time, and …   Wikipedia

  • Antoinette Brown Blackwell — Antoinette Brown Blackwell, um 1900 Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell (* 20. Mai 1825 in Henrietta, New York; † 5. November 1921 in Elizabeth, New Jersey) war die erste ordinierte Pastorin der USA und ei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blackwell,Antoinette Louisa Brown — Black·well (blăckʹwĕl , wəl), Antoinette Louisa Brown. 1825 1921. American social reformer. The first formally appointed (1852) woman pastor in America, she advocated abolition, temperance, and women s rights. * * * …   Universalium

  • Blackwell, Alice Stone — ▪ American leader and editor born Sept. 14, 1857, Orange, N.J., U.S. died March 15, 1950, Cambridge, Mass.  suffragist (woman suffrage) and editor of the leading American women s rights newspaper.       Alice Stone Blackwell was the daughter of… …   Universalium

  • Brown, Olympia — ▪ American activist and minister born Jan. 5, 1835, Prairie Ronde, Mich., U.S. died Oct. 23, 1926, Baltimore, Md.  minister and social reformer, an active campaigner for woman suffrage and one of the first American women whose ordination was… …   Universalium

  • Brown, Antoinette —    See Blackwell, Antoinette Brown …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Blackwell — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alice Blackwell (1857–1950), US amerikanische Journalistin, Feministin und Menschenrechtsaktivistin Antoinette Brown Blackwell (1825–1921), US amerikanische Pastorin Chris Blackwell (* 1937), britischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blackwell — The name Blackwell can refer to many places, people, and things. Places In the United Kingdom: * Blackwell, County Durham, England * Blackwell, Cumbria, England * Blackwell, Bolsover, Alfreton, Derbyshire, England * Blackwell, Somerset, England * …   Wikipedia

  • Blackwell — /blak weuhl, wel /, n. 1. Antoinette Louisa (Brown), 1825 1921, U.S. clergywoman, abolitionist, and women s rights activist. 2. Elizabeth, 1821 1910, U.S. physician, born in England: first woman physician in the U.S. 3. Henry Brown, 1825? 1909, U …   Universalium

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