▪ plant family
 the trumpet creeper or catalpa family of the mint order of flowering plants (Lamiales). It contains about 112 genera and more than 725 species of trees, shrubs, and, most commonly, vines, chiefly of tropical America, tropical Africa, and the Indo-Malayan region. They form an important part of the tropical forest vegetation because of the numerous climbing vines. A few are found in temperate regions, notably the catalpa tree (Catalpa), the trumpet creeper (Campsis), and the cross vine (Bignonia).

      The family is characterized by oppositely paired, usually compound leaves and bell- or funnel-shaped, bisexual flowers having a five-lobed calyx and corolla; two long and two short stamens arising from the corolla tube; and a pistil positioned above the attachment point of the other flower parts, on a disk, and consisting of two fused, ovule-bearing carpels enclosing two, or rarely one, chambers that contain many ovules attached along the central axis. The seeds are usually flat and winged.

      Among the important ornamental and useful members are the African tulip tree (Spathodea), calabash tree (Crescentia cujete), sausage tree (Kigelia pinnata), trumpet creeper (Campsis), cross vine (Bignonia capreolata), cat's claw (Macfadyena unguis-cati), the timber-producing West Indian boxwood (Tabebuia), jacaranda (Jacaranda), empress tree (Paulownia), flowering willow (Chilopsis), and Cape honeysuckle (Tecoma capensis).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bignoniaceae — Bignoniaceae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bignoniaceae — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Bignoniaceae Amphitecna macrophylla C …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bignoniaceae — n. a natural family comprising the trees or shrubs or woody vines or herbs having gourdlike or capsular fruit; the are sometimes placed in the order {Scrophulariales}. Syn: family {Bignoniaceae}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bignoniaceae — (Bignoniariae), Abtbeilung der Grupve Scrophularinae in der Familie Larvenblüthler Rchnb., meist Bäume, od. kletternde, rankende Sträucher, aus der Klasse der Personalen;[771] gegenüberstehende, zusammengesetzte, gefiederte Blätter, große,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bignoniaceae — Bignoniaceae. Eine der interessantesten Pflanzenfamilien für den Blumenfreund. Alle Arten derselben blühen mit prächtigen feurigen, meist trompetenförmig röhrigen Blumen, haben breite gefiederte Blätter, und die meisten sind kletternde immer… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bignoniaceae — Bignoniaceae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bignoniaceae — Trompetenbaumgewächse Trompetenbaum (Catalpa bignonioides) Systematik Überabteilung: Samenpflanzen (Spermatophyta) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bignoniaceae — Trumpet Creeper family Bigleaf Black Calabash (Amphitecna macrophylla) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Bignoniaceae — noun trees or shrubs or woody vines or herbs having fruit resembling gourds or capsules; sometimes placed in the order Scrophulariales • Syn: ↑family Bignoniaceae • Derivationally related forms: ↑bignoniaceous • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot family • …   Useful english dictionary

  • BIGNONIACEAE JUSS. — БИГНОНИЕВЫЕ — 863. 864. 865. 866. 867. 868. 869 …   Справочник растений

  • Bignoniaceae — …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”