Bhutia

Bhutia

people
also spelled  Bhotia, or Bhote,  also called  Bhutanese,  

      Himalayan people who are believed to have emigrated southward from Tibet in the 9th century or later. The Bhutia constitute a majority of the population of Bhutan and form minorities in Nepal and India, particularly in the Indian state of Sikkim. They speak various languages of the Tibeto-Burman branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. The Bhutia are mountain dwellers, living in small villages and isolated homesteads separated by almost impassable terrain. They practice a terraced agriculture on the mountain slopes, their main crops being rice, corn (maize), and potatoes. Some of them are animal breeders, known for their cattle and yaks.

      Their religion is Tibetan Buddhism, with an admixture of the pre-Buddhist shamanism known as Bon. They recognize the Dalai Lama as their spiritual leader. Their traditional society was feudalistic, with most of the population working as tenants of a landowning nobility, although there were few marked differences in ways of life between landowners and tenants. There were also slaves, most of them descended from captives taken in raids on Indian territory. In the 1960s the Bhutanese government formally abolished slavery and sought to break up the large estates; the nobility were also deprived of their hereditary titles.

      The Bhutia trace their descent patrilineally. They are predominantly monogamous, but polygamy is still practiced in some areas.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bhutia — For the Bhutia pony, see Indian Country Bred. For Indian soccer player see Baichung Bhutia. Bhutia The Bhutia live in Sikkim and surrounding areas. Total population 70,300 (2001) …   Wikipedia

  • Bhutia — Baichung Bhutia (* 15. Dezember 1976 in Tinkitam, Namchi, Sikkim) ist ein indischer Fußballspieler. Der Stürmer gilt als einer der besten Spieler, die das Land hervorgebracht hat. Seine aktive Karriere begann er im Alter von 10 Jahre, als er für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bhutia Busty monastery — or Karmaa Dorjee Chyoling monastery is a Buddhist monastery located in Darjeeling, India. It belongs to the Red Sect of Buddhist Lamas. Originally a branch of the Nygmapa sect s Phodang Monastery in Sikkim, it was transferred to Darjeeling in… …   Wikipedia

  • bhutia — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Baichung Bhutia — Infobox Football biography playername = Baichung Bhutia fullname = dateofbirth = birth date and age|1976|12|15 cityofbirth = Tinkitam, Sikkim countryofbirth = India height = height|m=1.73 position = Striker currentclub = Mohun Bagan clubnumber =… …   Wikipedia

  • Baichung Bhutia —  Spielerinformationen Geburtstag 15. Dezember 1976 Geburtsort Tinkitam, Sikkim, Indien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baichung Bhutia — ou en hindi भाईचुंग भुतिया (né le 15 décembre 1976 à Tinkitam, Sikkim) est un joueur de football indien évoluant au poste d attaquant. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Idioma bhutia — Dranjongke Hablado en India Región Sikkim Hablantes 50.000 Familia Sino tibetano  Tibetano birmano   Lenguas tibetanas    Bhutia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nepali Bhutia Lepcha — NEBULA Party, a political party in the Indian state of Sikkim. NEBULA was founded in 1999 when the former Chief Minister of Sikkim, P.T. Lucksom, was expelled from Sikkim Democratic Front. Lucksom is currently the leader of NEBULA. NEBULA are… …   Wikipedia

  • Indigenous peoples of Sikkim — include the Limbu, Lepchas and Bhutia peoples who are now Scheduled Tribes, in contrast to the dominant heterogeneous Nepali population of Sikkim. Contents 1 History 2 Indigenous cultures 3 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”