Bhave, Vinoba

Bhave, Vinoba

▪ Indian social reformer
byname of  Vinayak Narahari Bhave 
born Sept. 11, 1895, Gagode, Gujarat, India
died Nov. 15, 1982, Wardha, Maharashtra

      one of India's best-known social reformers and a widely venerated disciple of Mahatma Gandhi (Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand). Bhave was the founder of the Bhoodan Yajna (“Land-Gift Movement”).

      Born of a high-caste Brahman family, he abandoned his high school studies in 1916 to join Gandhi's (Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand) ashram (ascetic community) at Sabarmati, near Ahmadabad. Gandhi's teachings led Bhave to a life of austerity dedicated to improving Indian village life. Bhave was imprisoned several times during the 1920s and '30s and served a five-year prison sentence in the '40s for leading nonviolent resistance to British rule. He was given the honorific title acharya (“teacher”).

      Bhave's idea of the land-gift movement was conceived in 1951, while he was touring villages in the province of Andhra Pradesh, when a landholder offered him an acreage in response to his appeal on behalf of a group of landless untouchables, or Harijans (low-caste Hindus). He then walked from village to village, appealing for gifts of land to be distributed among the landless and relating the act of giving to the principle of ahimsa (nonviolence), which had been adopted by Gandhi. According to Bhave, land reform should be secured by a change of heart and not by enforced government action. His critics maintained that Bhudan Yajna encouraged the fragmentation of land and would thus obstruct a rational approach to large-scale agriculture, but Bhave declared that he preferred fragmented land to fragmented hearts. Later, however, he encouraged gramdan—i.e., the system whereby villagers pooled their land, after which the land was reorganized under a cooperative system.

      Throughout 1975 Bhave took a vow of silence over the issue of the involvement of his followers in political agitation. As a result of a fast in 1979, he secured the government's promise to enforce the law prohibiting the killing of cows (animals sacred to Hinduism) throughout India. Bhave's original project and his philosophy of life are explained in a series of articles collected and published as Bhoodan Yajna (1953, reprinted 1957).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bhave, Vinoba — (1885–1982)    leader in the Indian independence movementVinoba Bhave, a prominent nonviolent leader of the Indian independence movement, was a pro lific popular writer and a tireless organizer for land redistribution and social reform. He contin …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • BHAVE (V.) — BHAVE VINOBA (1895 1982) Héritier spirituel de Gandhi, Vinoba Bhave est, après celui ci, le plus connu des apôtres de la non violence en Inde; il sut, tout en restant fidèle à la pensée du Mahatma, la mener plus loin. Vinoba s’est surtout attaché …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vinoba — Bhave, gebürtig Vinayak Narahari Bhave (* 11. September 1895 in Gagode, Maharashtra; † 15. November 1982), genannt Acharya (Lehrer) gilt als spiritueller Nachfolger Mahatma Gandhis. Er wurde in eine brahmanische Familie geboren. Er war mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bhave — Vinoba Bhave, gebürtig Vinayak Narahari Bhave (* 11. September 1895 in Gagode, Maharashtra; † 15. November 1982), genannt Acharya (Lehrer) gilt als spiritueller Nachfolger Mahatma Gandhis. Er wurde in eine brahmanische Familie geboren. Er war mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bhave — Bhave,   Vinoba, genannt Acharya Bhave [ tʃ ; Sanskrit »der Meister Bhave«], indischer Sozialreformer, * Gagoda (Maharashtra) 11. 9. 1895, ✝ Paunar Ashram 15. 11. 1982; aus einer Brahmanenfamilie; schloss sich 1916 der Bewegung Mahatma Gandhis an …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vinoba Bhave — (gebürtig Vinayak Narahari Bhave; Marathi: विनोबा भावे, Vinobā Bhāve; * 11. September 1895 in Gagode, Maharashtra; † 15. November 1982 in Paunar, Maharashtra) war ein indischer Freiheitskämpfer und Anhänger Gandhis. Er sah sich als dessen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vinoba Bhave — Vinoba Bhave,( विनोबा भावे ), born Vinayak Narahari Bhave (September 11, 1895 November 15 1982) often called Acharya (In Sanskrit and Hindi means teacher), was an Indian freedom fighter. He is considered as a National Teacher of India and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Vinoba Bhave — (विनोबा भावे), né le 11 septembre 1895 et mort le 15 novembre 1982, est un disciple de Gandhi, dont il a poursuivi et amplifié le travail après sa mort. En effet, bien que Gandhi ne dissociât jamais de son œuvre émancipatrice… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vinayak Narahari Bhave — Vinoba Bhave, gebürtig Vinayak Narahari Bhave (* 11. September 1895 in Gagode, Maharashtra; † 15. November 1982), genannt Acharya (Lehrer) gilt als spiritueller Nachfolger Mahatma Gandhis. Er wurde in eine brahmanische Familie geboren. Er war mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vinoba Bhave University — Infobox University name = Vinoba Bhave University established = 1990 free label = Vice Chancellor free = Prof. M.P.Singh city = Hazaribagh country = India affiliations = UGC campus = Urban website= [http://www.vbu.co.in ] The Vinoba Bhave… …   Wikipedia

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