Bergen op Zoom

Bergen op Zoom

▪ The Netherlands
      gemeente (municipality), southwestern Netherlands, on the small Zoom River, near its canal junction with the East Scheldt (Oosterschelde) Channel. It was taken by the Vikings in 880. Bergen op Zoom (meaning “hills on the Zoom,” or perhaps “on the border [of the marshes]”) became a lordship in 1287 by separation from Breda and was a hereditary fief of the duchy of Brabant. It prospered in the 15th century as a trade centre, its fairs being visited by English merchants who enjoyed special privileges. In 1533 it was raised to a margravate by Charles V. It resisted Spanish rule, was fortified, and successfully resisted several Spanish assaults between 1581 and 1622. Taken by the French (1747) during the War of the Austrian Succession and again in 1795, it was held against the English until the fall of Napoleon in 1814. The fortifications were dismantled in 1867, and the town was occupied by the Germans during World War II.

      The Gevangenpoort (gate; c. 1300) is a remnant of the medieval fortifications; the Ravelin fortress remains of the ramparts that were completed in 1740. Historic buildings include the medieval town hall; the Grote Kerk (also called St. Gertrude's Church), dating originally from the 14th century but much restored; and the Markiezenhof (“Court of the Marquis,” 1485–1520).

      Economic activities include fishing (anchovies), oyster culture, and asparagus growing; industries include metallurgical and engineering works, confectioneries, biscuit factories, and one of Europe's largest distilleries. Pop. (2007 est.) 65,440.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bergen-op-Zoom — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bergen. Bergen op Zoom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bergen Op Zoom — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bergen. Bergen op Zoom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bergen op zoom — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bergen. Bergen op Zoom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bergen op Zoom — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bergen op Zoom Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bergen op Zoom — Bergen op Zoom, 1) Stadt im Bezirk Breda der niederländischen Provinz NBrabant, an einem Kanale, unsern der sich schon zu einem mächtigen Strom erweiternden Schelde. Der Name od. Zoom (auf dem Saum) bezieht sich auf die Reihe von Hügeln, auf… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bergen op Zoom — (spr. sōm), Stadt in der niederländ. Provinz Nordbrabant, liegt am Ausfluß der Zoom in die Oosterschelde und an der Eisenbahn Rosendaal Vlissingen (mit Abzweigung nach Antwerpen), in sumpfiger Gegend, und war ehemals eine der stärksten Festungen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bergen-op-Zoom — (spr. sohm), Stadt in der niederländ. Prov. Nordbrabant, an der Mündung der Zoom in die Ostschelde, (1899) 13.668 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bergen-op-Zoom — Bergen op Zoom, so v.w. Tüffelrock …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bergen op Zoom — Bergen op Zoom, holländ. Festung ersten Ranges an der Mündung des Zooms in die Schelde, 7000 E.; seine Töpferwaaren, Ziegelbrennerei, Fischhandel. Von B. hing im Kampfe der Niederlande gegen Spanien das Schicksal des Landes ab; Alexander Farnese… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Bergen op Zoom — Gemeinde Bergen op Zoom Flagge Wappen Provinz Nordbrabant …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bergen op Zoom — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bergen. Bergen op Zoom …   Wikipédia en Français

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