town, west-central Portugal, just south of Leiria city. The town is dominated by the great Dominican abbey of Santa Maria da Vitória, also known simply as Batalha (“Battle”). In the Battle of Aljubarrota, fought on a plain 9 miles (14 km) southwest of the town, John I of Portugal defeated John I of Castile in 1385 and secured the independence of his kingdom. The abbey was probably founded in 1388 to commemorate the victory. The Founder's Chapel contains the tomb of the victor, John I, and Philippa of Lancaster, his English queen, as well as the tomb of Henry the Navigator, their son. Other monarchs are buried in the royal mausoleum. Only the royal cloister, church, and Founder's Chapel were included in the original design by Afonso Domingues, a native architect. The Capelas Imperfeitas (Unfinished Chapels) are among the best examples of Manueline architecture. This style of architecture, which was named for the monarch Manuel (reigned 1495–1521) and which flourished in the 16th century, employed decorative stonework, using nautical, angelic, and military motifs. The catastrophic earthquake of 1755 damaged the abbey, and the French sacked it in 1810. Secularized in 1834, it was declared a national monument in 1840 and was gradually restored. Pop. (2001) 7,519.

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  • Batalha — Wappen Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Batalha — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Batalha puede ser: Batalha localidad de Portugal. Batalha freguesía del concejo de Batalha, distrito de Leiria Batalha municipio brasileño de Alagoas. Batalha municipio brasileño de Piauí. Río Batalha río de São… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Batalha — (pron. IPA2|bɐ taʎɐ) is a Portuguese town located in the District of Leiria, Pinhal Litoral subregion, Centro region, with 7,500 inhabitants.It is the seat of the municipality of the same name with 103.56 km² of area and 15,002 inhabitants (2001) …   Wikipedia

  • Batalha —   [bə taʎə], Ort südlich von Leiria, Portugal, 6 400 Einwohner. Zur Erinnerung an die siegreiche Schlacht (batalha) bei Aljubarrota über die Kastilier (1385) gründete König Johann I. hier das Kloster Santa Maria da Vitória (seit 1840… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Batalha — (spr. Batalja), Dorf in der portugiesischen Provinz Estremadura, mit Dominikanerkloster S. Maria da Vittoria, welches vom König Johann I. zum Andenken des Sieges über Johann I. von Castilien bei Aljubarrota (s.d.) 1385 gestiftet u. von dem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Batalha — (spr. tallja), Stadtim portug. Distrikt Leiria (Provinz Estremadura), am Liz, mit (1900) 3869 Einw., ist berühmt durch das Dominikanerkloster Santa Maria da Victoria, das König Johann I. von Portugal zum Andenken des Sieges über Johann I. von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Batalha — (spr. álja), Stadt in der portug. Prov. Estremadura, am Liz, (1900) 3869 E.; das Dominikanerkloster Santa Maria da B. ist seit 1840 Nationaldenkmal …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Batalha — Batalha, Dorf 12 Meilen von Lissabon mit prächtigem Dominicanerkloster, erbaut von König Johann I. zum Andenken seines Sieges über die Castilier bei Albujarrota, 14. Aug. 1385 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Batalha — ville du Portugal (Estrémadure); 7 000 hab. Monastère dominicain (XIVe XVIe s.), oeuvre maîtresse de l architecture gothique au Portugal …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • batalha — s. f. 1. Ação geral de guerra, entre dois exércitos ou duas esquadras. 2.  [Figurado] Luta. 3. Discussão acalorada …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Batalha — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1  Brésil 1.1 Toponymes …   Wikipédia en Français

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