▪ Hindu religious leader
flourished 12th century, South India

      Hindu religious reformer, teacher, theologian, and administrator of the royal treasury of the Calukya king Bijjala I (reigned 1156–67). Basava is the subject of the Basava-Purana, one of the sacred texts of the Hindu Lingayat (Liṅgāyat) sect. According to South Indian oral tradition, he was the actual founder of the Lingayats, but study of Calukya inscriptions indicates that rather than founding a new sect he in fact revived an existing one. His life and doctrines were recorded in the Basava-Purana, written by Bhima Kavi (14th century) in the Kannada language and based on an earlier Telugu version by Palkuriki Somanatha.

      Basava helped to spread the Lingayat sect by teaching and by dispersing funds to Lingayat guilds. It was his uncle, a prime minister, who first used his influence at court to secure an appointment for his erudite relative. Basava was appointed chief of the treasury, and for several years he and his faction enjoyed a great deal of popularity. But other factions at court were apparently resentful of his power and the flourishing of Lingayat mendicants under his patronage. As a result of their accusations he fled the kingdom, dying soon thereafter. His poetry to Shiva as “lord of the meeting rivers” has earned him a place at the front rank of Kannada literature and the literature of Hindu devotion (bhakti) generally.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Basava — (also known as Basaveshwara ( kn. ಬಸವೇಶ್ವರ) or Basavanna(ಬಸವಣ್ಣ) 1134 ndash;1196) was a philosopher and a radical social reformer. He for the first time, in the Hindu society, created an awareness on discriminatory and exploitative nature of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Basava — (également connu sous le nom de Basaveshwara, kannada : ಬಸವೇಶ್ವರ, ou Basavanna (ಬಸವಣ್ಣ), 1134–1196) était un important philosophe shivaïte, peut être fondateur d une secte shivaïte de premier ordre, chef en tout cas des lingâyat à son époque …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Basava — Basava,   hinduistischer Reformer und Theologe des 12. Jahrhunderts; gilt als Gründer und (im Rahmen seiner Tätigkeit unter der Dynastie der Kalachuris) Förderer der Lingayats (»Träger des Linga«), d. h. der Anhänger des Virashaivismus, einer… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Basava Premanand — is an eminent skeptic and rationalist from Tamil Nadu, India. HistoryPremanand was born in the year 1930 in Kozhikode, Kerala. His parents were followers of the Theosophical movement. In the 1940s, Premanand quit school to take part in Quit India …   Wikipedia

  • Basava Premanand — (* 1930 in Kozhikode, Kerala; † 4. Oktober 2009) war ein indischer Skeptiker und Rationalist. Er war Gründer der Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations. Leben Premanand wuchs als Sohn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Basava Sagar Dam — is a dam constructed for Krishna River, located at Narayanapur in Gulbarga District, India. It is used for also*List of reservoirs and dams in India …   Wikipedia

  • Basava Jayanthi — is the most important festival of the Lingayats. It marks the birthday of Basavanna, the founding saint of the Lingayat faith. It is celebrated with much pomp and gaiety all over Karnataka …   Wikipedia

  • Namma Basava — Directed by Veerashankar Produced by M Sathya Kiran, A Santosh Reddy Written by M Sathya Kiran, A Santosh Reddy …   Wikipedia

  • Premanand — Basava Premanand Basava Premanand (* 1930 in Kozhikode, Kerala) ist ein indischer Skeptiker und Rationalist. Er ist Gründer der Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations. Leben Premanand wuchs als Sohn theosophischer Eltern auf. Er nutzt, wie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mate Mahadevi — Maate Mahadevi B.Sc., M.A. (born March 13, 1946) is a scholar, mystic, and writer, and the first female jagadguru, or spiritual head of a South Indian Lingayat community.[1][2] Following initiation in 1965 by Lingananda Swami, Maate Mahadevi… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”