Bandiera brothers

Bandiera brothers

▪ Italian revolutionaries
      Italian brothers who were followers of Giuseppe Mazzini (Mazzini, Giuseppe) and who led an abortive revolt against Austrian rule in Italy. Attilio Bandiera (b. May 24, 1810, Venice [Italy]—d. July 23, 1844, Cosenza, Kingdom of Naples) and Emilio Bandiera (b. June 20, 1819, Venice [Italy]—d. July 23, 1844, Cosenza) were both executed, and their deaths made a profound impression on the Italian revolutionary movement.

      The sons of Baron Francesco Bandiera, an admiral in the Austrian navy, Attilio and Emilio themselves became naval officers but were converted to the cause of Italian independence by Mazzini, carrying on correspondence with him and with members of his organization, Giovine Italia (Young Italy). In 1841, while serving in the war with Syria under their father's command, they founded a secret society, Esperia, devoted to the cause of freeing Italy. In 1843 they began to agitate among their fellow officers and sailors, trying to get them to join a Malta-based revolutionary group, the Legione Italiana, in its plan for stealing a warship and bombarding Messina. The plot was betrayed by a member of Esperia, and in 1844 the brothers were forced to flee to the island of Corfu off the coast of Greece.

      Hearing that the people of the Kingdom of Naples were awaiting only the appearance of a leader to rise en masse, the Bandieras gathered a band of about 20 young men and set sail for Calabria (the toe of Italy) on June 12, 1844. Landing at Cotrone four days later, they intended to march on nearby Cosenza, liberating political prisoners and issuing a proclamation of independence. Their expected support did not materialize, and they were betrayed by a Corsican member of their party, Pietro Boccheciampe. The whole band was taken prisoner by a detachment of gendarmes and were taken to Cosenza, where most of them were tried and condemned to death. On July 23, 1844, the Bandieras and nine companions were executed, crying “Viva l'Italia!” as they fell.

      The execution of the Bandieras made them martyrs for the cause of Italian independence. The execution also had wide repercussions extending to England. Mazzini proved that his correspondence with the Bandieras had been systematically opened on the orders of the British home secretary, Sir James Graham. He charged the British Foreign Office with having forwarded their plans to the Austrians. That accusation was later disproved, but it gave Mazzini the opportunity of making an eloquent plea for his cause in a famous “Letter to Sir James Graham.”

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bandiera Brothers — The Bandiera Brothers (in Italian: Fratelli Bandiera ) were Italian patriots, Attilio and Emilio Bandiera, (1811 ndash;1844 and 1819 ndash;1844).BackgroundThe two brothers were sons of Baron Francesco Bandiera, an admiral in the Austro Hungarian… …   Wikipedia

  • Bandiera — This is a famous Italian surname of nobility. Historically it was much associated in the early 19th century with the creation of Italy as a nation state, finally accomplished by Garribaldi in 1860. The surname means a flag or battle standard,… …   Surnames reference

  • Frères Bandiera — Attilio Bandiera (né à Venise le 24 mai 1810, mort à Rovito le 25 juillet 1844) et Emilio Bandiera (né à Venise le 20 juin 1819, mort à Rovito le 25 juillet 1844) sont des patriotes italiens. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cosenza —   Comune   Città di Cosenza View of the old town …   Wikipedia

  • История почты и почтовых марок Италии —  Италия …   Википедия

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • Ferdinand II — 1. ( the Catholic ) 1452 1516, founder of the Spanish monarchy 1506: king of Sicily 1468 1516, king of Aragon 1479 1516; as Ferdinand III, king of Naples 1504 16; as King Ferdinand V, joint sovereign (with Isabella I) of Castile 1474 1504. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Daniele Manin — Manin from the 1875 monument by Luigi Borro in Venice. Daniele Manin (13 May 1804 – 22 September 1857) was an Italian patriot and …   Wikipedia

  • Ricciotti Garibaldi — (1847 1924) was an Italian soldier, the fourth son of Giuseppe Garibaldi and Anita Garibaldi. Born in Montevideo, he was named in honour of Nicola Ricciotti, a patriot executed during the failed expedition of the Bandiera Brothers against the… …   Wikipedia

  • Cosenza — /kaw zen tsah/, n. a city in S Italy. 102,475. * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Cosentia         city, north central Calabria regione (region), southern Italy, on the Crati River at its confluence with the Busento, north northeast of Reggio di Calabria. The… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”