Cosenza

Cosenza
/kaw zen"tsah/, n.
a city in S Italy. 102,475.

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Italy
Latin  Cosentia  

      city, north-central Calabria regione (region), southern Italy, on the Crati River at its confluence with the Busento, north-northeast of Reggio di Calabria. The ancient Cosentia, it was the capital of the Bruttii (an Italic tribe) before it was taken by the Romans in 204 BC. Alaric, king of the Visigoths, died there in 410 and is said to have been buried, together with his treasure looted from Rome, in the riverbed of the Busento. Subsequently occupied by the Byzantines, Saracens, Normans, Angevins (house of Anjou), and Spanish, the town was proclaimed a republic in 1799. Under the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, it was the scene of numerous uprisings for Italian independence, culminating in the unsuccessful expedition of the Bandiera brothers in 1844. The town was damaged by earthquakes in 1783, 1854, 1870, and 1905 and by Allied bombs in World War II. Many of the chief monuments of its archiepiscopal see have been restored, including the Romanesque cathedral (1185–1222) and the Norman castle, extended by the Holy Roman emperor Frederick II and the Angevins. Several medieval churches house rich art treasures, and there is a civic museum.

      Railways run to Paola, Sibari, Crotone, and Catanzaro. Agriculture (cereals, wine, olive oil, raw silk, and fruit) and the production of furniture, woolens, and tannic acid are carried on. Pop. (2004 est.) 71,014.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cosenza —   Comune   Città di Cosenza View of the old town …   Wikipedia

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  • Cosenza — • An archdiocese immediately subject to the Holy See. A city in the province of Calabria, Southern Italy, at the confluence of the Crati and the Busento Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cosenza     Cosenza …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • COSENZA — COSENZA, town in Calabria, southern Italy. Jews were apparently living in Cosenza in 1093 or even earlier. It is reported that in 1311 pledges belonging to the Jewish moneylenders there were stolen. Repeated attempts were made in the 15th century …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cosenza — es: 1. Cosenza (Provincia) 2. Cosenza (Ciudad) * * * ► Prov. del S de Italia, en Calabria, entre los mares Tirreno y Jónico; 6 650 km2 y 747 334 h. Cap., la c. homónima (87 140 h), centro comercial y agrícola …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cosenza — Cosenza, Hauptstadt der neapolitanischen Provinz Calabria citeriore, am Crati u. Busiento; Civiltribunal, Criminalhof, Erzbischof, Kathedrale, 2 Akademien, Geistliches Seminar, Hospital, Findelhaus; fertigt Thon u. Eisenwaaren, treibt Wein u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cosénza [1] — Cosénza, ital. Provinz, bis 1871 Calabria citeriore genannt, grenzt im N. an die Provinz Potenza, im S. an Catanzaro, im O. an das Ionische Meer (Golf von Tarent), im W. an das Tyrrhenische Meer, ist 6653 qkm (120,8 QM.) groß und hat (1901)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cosénza [2] — Cosénza, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), liegt 256 m ü. M. am Fuß des Silagebirges, am Crati, der hier den Busento aufnimmt, 18 km vom Tyrrhenischen Meer, an der Eisenbahn Sibari Pietrafitta, wird von einem großen Kastell… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cosenza — Cosėnza, Hauptstadt der unterital. Prov. C. (6653 qkm, 1904: 469.406 E.; Kalabrien), am Crati und Busento, (1901) 21.545 E.; got. Kathedrale …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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