Bain, Alexander

Bain, Alexander

▪ Scottish philosopher

born June 11, 1818, Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scot.
died Sept. 18, 1903, Aberdeen
 Scottish philosopher who advanced the study of psychology with his work on mental processes and who strove to improve education in Scotland.

      Soon after college graduation in 1840 Bain began to contribute to The Westminster Review, thus becoming acquainted with the philosopher John Stuart Mill and his circle in London. There Bain served as secretary of the board of health (1848–50) and for the next 10 years was variously employed in the civil service and as an educator. From 1860 to 1880 he taught logic and English literature at the University of Aberdeen, where he advocated the reform of teaching methods in Scotland. During this period he wrote several books on grammar and rhetoric and a two-volume work on Logic (1870) containing a detailed account of the application of logic to the natural sciences. He also devoted himself to the study of psychology, adopting a rigorously scientific approach. Bain sought to find physical correlatives for such abstract concepts as “idea” and “mind” and stressed the need for further investigation of the processes of the brain and the nervous system.

      Bain founded the first journal devoted to psychology, Mind, in 1876. Among his works in psychological theory are On the Study of Character (1861), Mental and Moral Science: A Compendium of Psychology and Ethics (1868), and Mind and Body: The Theories of Their Relation (1873). His other writings include John Stuart Mill: A Criticism, with Personal Recollections (1882) and an Autobiography (1904).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bain, Alexander — (1818–1903) Scottish philosopher. The self taught son of a weaver, Bain eventually enrolled in Marischal College, in Aberdeen, and became a radical follower of J. S. Mill . He was appointed professor of logic and rhetoric at Aberdeen in 1860, and …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bain, Alexander — ► (1818 1903) Psicólogo y filósofo escocés. Obras: Los sentidos y la inteligencia y Las emociones y la voluntad, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BAIN, ALEXANDER —    born at Aberdeen, professor of Logic in the university, and twice Lord Rector, where he was much esteemed by and exercised a great influence over his pupils; his chief works, The Senses and the Intellect, The Emotions and the Will, and Mental… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Bain, Alexander — (1818 1903)    Philosopher, b. at Aberdeen, and graduated at Marischal Coll. there, became in 1860 Professor of Logic in his university, and wrote a number of works on philosophy and psychology, including The Senses and the Intellect (1855), The… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Бэн Александр / Bain, Alexander — (1818 1903). Бэн выделял два основных закона ассоциации: закон сходства и закон смежности. Согласно Бэну, ощущения и чувства объединяются в тесной последовательности и таким образом, что, при напоминании об одном из них, в памяти скорее всего… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Bain — Bain, Alexander …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bain — Bain, Alexander …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alexander Bain (Philosoph) — Alexander Bain. Alexander Bain (* 11. Juni 1818 in Aberdeen; † 18. September 1903 in Aberdeen) war ein schottischer Philosoph und Pädagoge. Alexander Bain hatte zunächst als Weber gearbeitet, trat aber im Alter von 18 Jahren dann doch in ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bain — is a surname.Bain may also refer to:Natural features*The River Bain in Lincolnshire, England *The River Bain, North Yorkshire, EnglandBusinesses*Bain Company, management consulting firm *Bain Capital, private equity groupHistoric… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Bain (inventor) — Infobox Celebrity name = Alexander Bain caption = For many years I have devoted myself to rendering electricity practically useful, and have been extensively engaged, not only in this country, but in America and on the Continent, in the… …   Wikipedia

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