Ayacucho, Battle of

Ayacucho, Battle of

▪ South American history
      (Dec. 9, 1824), in the Latin-American wars of independence, revolutionary victory over royalists on the high plateau near Ayacucho, Peru. It freed Peru and ensured the independence of the nascent South American republics from Spain. The revolutionary forces, numbering about 6,000 men—among them Venezuelans, Colombians, Argentines, and Chileans, as well as Peruvians—were under the leadership of Simón Bolívar's outstanding lieutenant, the Venezuelan Antonio José de Sucre (Sucre, Antonio José de). The Spanish army numbered about 9,000 men and had 10 times as many artillery pieces as their foe. Just before the battle, large numbers of officers and troops crossed over to embrace their friends and brothers in the opposing battle lines.

      Sucre opened the attack with a brilliant cavalry charge led by the daring Colombian José María Córdoba, and in a short time the royalist army had been routed, with about 2,000 men killed. The Spanish viceroy and his generals were taken prisoner. The terms of surrender stipulated that all Spanish forces be withdrawn from both Peru and Charcas (Bolivia); the last of them departed from Callao, the port of Lima, in January 1826.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ayacucho — This article is about the Peruvian town, for other uses, see Ayacucho (disambiguation). Ayacucho Ayacucho s cathedral by night …   Wikipedia

  • Ayacucho (disambiguation) — Ayacucho is a Quechua word meaning city of the dead . Originally it was the name of a city in Peru where the decisive battle in Peru s war of independence was fought, but the name is also used in other parts of Latin America to commemorate that… …   Wikipedia

  • Ayacucho — [ä΄yä ko͞o′chō̂] city in SC Peru: site of a battle (1824) which marked the end of Spanish rule in South America: pop. 106,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Battle of Ayacucho — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Ayacucho caption=The Battle of Ayacucho. partof=Peruvian War of Independence date=9 December 1824 place=Pampa de la Quinua result=Independentist Victory, Capitulation of the Royalist Army… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Chorrillos — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Battle of Chorrillos partof = War of the Pacific caption = Troop movements at Chorrillos date = January 13, 1881 place = Department of Lima, Peru territory = result = Chilean Victory [cite book |last=Chisholm… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of San Francisco — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of San Francisco caption= partof=War of the Pacific date=November 19, 1879 place=South America result= Chilean victory combatant1=flag|Chile combatant2=flag|Peru|1825 flag|Bolivia|state… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of La Concepción — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Battle of Concepción description= partof= War of the Pacific date= July 9, 10 of 1882 place= Concepción, Perú result= Peruvian victory combatant1= flag|Chile combatant2= flag|Peru|1825 commander1=flagicon|Chile …   Wikipedia

  • Ayacucho, Buenos Aires — Infobox Settlement official name = Ayacucho pushpin pushpin label position = bottom pushpin map caption =Location in Argentina pushpin mapsize =200 pushpin map1 = Buenos Aires Province pushpin label position1 =bottom pushpin map caption1… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Huamachuco — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=War of the Pacific caption=Battle of Huamachuco partof= date=July 10th, 1883 place=near Huamachuco, Peru result=Decisive Chilean victory combatant1=flag|Chile combatant2=flag|Peru|1825 commander1=flagicon|Chile… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Junín — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Junín colour scheme=background:#eeddbb caption= Battle of Junín by Martín Tovar y Tovar. Oil on canvas. partof=the Peruvian War of Independence campaign= date=August 6, 1824 place=Junín Region… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”