Arduino, Giovanni

Arduino, Giovanni

▪ Italian geologist
born , Oct. 16, 1714, Caprino Veronese, Veneto, republic of Venice [Italy]
died March 21, 1795, Venice

      the father of Italian geology, who established bases for stratigraphic chronology by classifying the four main layers of the Earth's crust as Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, and Quaternary.

      From an early age, Arduino showed an interest in mining, establishing a reputation throughout northern Italy as a mining expert, and in 1769 the republic of Venice named him director of agriculture and industry. With occasional help from his brother Pietro (1728–1805), a botanist at the University of Padua, Arduino supervised such enterprises as land reclamation, livestock raising, and the construction of improved agricultural equipment. He also did research in mining, metallurgy, and chemistry for the republic.

      In the early 1760s Arduino identified four distinct major geologic strata composed of numerous fossil-filled minor strata. He also recognized the significance of the fossil layers, pioneered the use of fossils and chemical methods to determine the age of rock formations, and observed that marble is produced by the metamorphism of limestone.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Guovanni Arduino — Giovanni Arduino (* 16. Oktober 1714 in Caprino Veronese, Republik Venedig; † 21. März 1795 in Venedig) war ein italienischer Geologe. Er gilt als der Vater der italienischen Geologie. Arduino war Bergbau Spezialist. Aufbauend auf seinen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Arduino (geologist) — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = October 16, 1714 birth place = Caprino Veronese, Veneto death date = March 21, 1795 death place = Venice residence = citizenship = nationality =… …   Wikipedia

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