Aphraates

Aphraates

▪ Syrian ascetic
Syriac  Afrahat 
flourished 4th century

      Syrian ascetic and the earliest-known Christian writer of the Syriac church in Persia.

      Aphraates became a convert to Christianity during the reign of the anti-Christian Persian king Shāpūr II (309–379), after which he led a monastic life, possibly at the Monastery of St. Matthew near Mosul, Iraq. Later he may have become a bishop when he assumed the name James. Termed “the Persian Sage,” Aphraates between the years 336 and 345 composed Syriac biblical commentaries (23 of which have been preserved) for his monastic colleagues. They are inaccurately known as his “Homilies,” and they survey the Christian faith predominantly in theological, ascetical, and disciplinary matters, at times marked by a sharp polemical nature. Nine treatises against the Jews, who were numerous in Mesopotamia and had established outstanding schools, are particularly acrimonious; they treat of Easter, circumcision, dietary laws, the supplanting of Israel by Gentiles as the new chosen people, and Jesus' divine sonship.

      Aphraates' writings are distinguished by their primitive biblical-theological tradition, as yet unaffected by the doctrinal controversies and linguistic complexity growing out of the Trinitarian (nature of God) and Christological (nature of Christ) controversies prior and subsequent to the Council of Nicaea in 325. Insulated from the intellectual currents traversing the Greco-Roman ecclesiastical world, the “Homilies” manifest a teaching indigenous to early Assyrian Judeo-Christianity.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aphraates — • Wrter born of pagan parents during the last half of the third century Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Aphraates     Aphraates      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • APHRAATES — APHRAATES, syriaque AFRAHAT (mort apr. 345) Le plus ancien des Pères de l’Église syriaque dans l’empire perse, au temps de la persécution de Sapor le Grand. Moine, peut être au monastère de Mar Mattaï (Saint Matthieu) près de Mossoul, Aphraates… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aphraates, S. — S. Aphraates, Anach. (7. April, al. 29. Jan.) Der hl. Einsiedler Aphraates in Syrien war nach dem Zeugnisse des Bischofs Theodoret ein Perser von Geburt und stammte von vornehmen, aber heidnischen Eltern ab. Doch frühzeitig lernte er die wahre… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Aphraates — (fourth century)    Church Father.    Very little is known of the life of Aphraates. In his writings he emphasised the value of the ascetic life. He taught that God created the Universe and gave the Law to Moses; that Jesus is the Son of God and… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Aphrahat — (ca. 270–ca. 345; sy. ܐܦܪܗܛ unicode|Ap̄rahaṭ; also Greek polytonic|Ἀφραάτης, and Latin Aphraates) was an Assyrian [ [http://www.iranchamber.com/religions/articles/history of christianity iran1.php Iran Chamber Society: Religions of Iran: A Brief… …   Wikipedia

  • Aphraate le Sage persan — Aphraate (en syriaque Aphrahat, en grec Άφραάτης, en latin Aphraates), très tôt désigné par la périphrase le Sage persan (en syriaque Ḥakkimā phārsāyā), est un écrivain religieux de langue syriaque ayant vécu dans la première moitié du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tatian — the Assyrian [ [http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/info/tatian.html Introductory Note To Tatian the Assyrian.] by J. E. Ryland.] [cite web |first= |last= |authorlink= |author=Parpola, Simo |coauthors= |title=Assyrian Identity in Ancient Times… …   Wikipedia

  • William Wright (orientalist) — William Wright (17 January 1830 – 22 May 1889) was a famous British Orientalist, and Professor of Arabic in the University of Cambridge. Many of his works on Syriac literature are still in print and of considerable scholarly value, especially the …   Wikipedia

  • Syrische Sprache und Literatur — Syrische Sprache und Literatur. Die syrische Sprache, ursprünglich der Dialekt von Edessa im nordwestlichen Mesopotamien, ist der wichtigste Zweig der aramäischen, genauer ostaramäischen Gruppe der semitischen Sprachen (s. Semiten). Sie war in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Monophysites and Monophysitism — • Rejected the dual nature of Christ. Rejected by the Council of Chalcedon (451) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Monophysites and Monophysitism     Monophysites and Monophysitism …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”