Antarctic Treaty

Antarctic Treaty

▪ 1959
      (Dec. 1, 1959), agreement signed by 12 nations, in which the Antarctic (Antarctica) continent was made a demilitarized zone to be preserved for scientific research. The treaty resulted from a conference in Washington, D.C., attended by representatives of Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Britain, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the United States, and the Soviet Union (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics). Later other nations acceded to the treaty.

      The treaty did not deny or support national claims to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica, but it did forbid all contracting parties from establishing military bases, carrying on military maneuvers, testing any weapons (including nuclear weapons), or disposing of radioactive wastes in the area. The treaty encouraged the freedom of scientific investigation and the exchange of scientific information and personnel in Antarctica. The treaty bound its members indefinitely, with a review of its provisions possible after 30 years. A protocol to the 1959 treaty was signed in 1991. The agreement banned mineral and oil exploration for 50 years and included regulations for the protection of the Antarctic environment.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antarctic Treaty — /æntˌaktɪk ˈtriti/ (say ant.ahktik treetee) noun a treaty providing for the Antarctic area south of 60°S latitude to be preserved for peaceful purposes and scientific cooperation and setting aside disputes over territorial sovereignty. The… …  

  • Antarctic Treaty System — The Antarctic Treaty and related agreements, collectively called the Antarctic Treaty System or ATS, regulate international relations with respect to Antarctica, Earth s only continent without a native human population. For the purposes of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Antarctic Treaty (Gundam) — The Antarctic Treaty is a fictional wartime treaty in the Universal Century timeline of the sci fi mecha anime Mobile Suit Gundam .The Antarctic Treaty states that: * All uses of nuclear weapons are prohibited * All uses of biological weapons are …   Wikipedia

  • Antarctic Treaty System — Die Antarktis und ihre Nachbarschaft Der Antarktisvertrag ist eine internationale Übereinkunft, die festlegt, dass die unbewohnte Antarktis zwischen 60 und 90 Grad südlicher Breite ausschließlich friedlicher Nutzung, besonders der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antarctic Treaty Secretariat — The Antarctic Treaty Secretariat is an organization created on September 2004 by the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (ATCM) for the management of several ATCM tasks such as the support of the annual meeting of signatory countries of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty — The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, also known as the Antarctic Environmental Protocol is part of the Antarctic Treaty System. It provides for comprehensive protection of the Antarctic environment and dependent and… …   Wikipedia

  • Antarctic Peninsula — map. Location o …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Tlatelolco — Infobox Treaty name = Treaty of Tlatelolco long name = Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean image width = 200px caption = 14 kiloton atomic explosion, Nevada Test Site, USA. type = date drafted = date… …   Wikipedia

  • Antarctic Conservation Act — The Antarctic Conservation Act, enacted in 1978 by the 95th United States Congress (USPL|95|541), is a United States federal law that addresses the issue of environmental conservation on the continent of Antarctica. The Departments of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Antarctic Heritage Trust — Currently the Antarctic Heritage Trust consists of two partners, the Antarctic Heritage Trust (New Zealand) which was formed in 1987 and the UK Antarctic Heritage Trust, founded in 1993. The Trust is a coalition established to promote the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”