Ampère, Jean-Jacques

Ampère, Jean-Jacques

▪ French historian
born Aug. 12, 1800, Lyon, France
died March 27, 1864, Pau

      French historian and philologist who initiated important studies of the diverse cultural origins of western European languages and mythology. A world traveler, he wrote both scholarly works and Romantic poetry.

      The son of the scientist André-Marie Ampère, Jean-Jacques Ampère in 1826 made his first journey to Germany, where his work greatly impressed the poet and philosopher J.W. von Goethe. On the basis of his study of Scandinavian mythology, Ampère was named to a chair in the history of foreign literature at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1830; three years later he became a professor at the Collège de France, where he did the research for his major philological works, Histoire littéraire de la France avant le douzième siècle, 3 vol. (1839–40; “History of French Literature before the 12th Century”), and Histoire de la formation de la langue française (1841; “History of the Development of the French Language”). In his theories of environmental influences on history, he was a precursor of the French critic and historian Hippolyte Taine. His personal life was largely dominated by his platonic love for the famous beauty and hostess Madame de Récamier, who was much older than he; Ampère carried on a long correspondence with her and was a habitué of her salon. In 1848 he was elected to the French Academy. In the company of the writer Prosper Mérimée, he visited the Middle East and, later, the United States and Mexico. Ampère's major historical work is L'Histoire romaine à Rome, 4 vol. (1861–64; “Roman History in Rome”); his other diverse works include De l'histoire de la poésie (1830; “On the History of Poetry”) and Promenade en Amérique: États-Unis, Cuba et Mexique (1855; “Travels in America: The United States, Cuba, and Mexico”).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • AMPÈRE, JEAN JACQUES —    son of the preceding; eminent as a littérateur, and a historian and critic of literature; attained to the rank of a member of the French Academy (1800 1864) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • Jean-Jacques Ampère — (August 12, 1800 – March 27, 1864) was a French philologist and man of letters.Born in Lyon, he was the only son of the physicist André Marie Ampère. Jean Jacques mother died while he was an infant.He studied the folk songs and popular poetry of… …   Wikipedia

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  • Ampère, André-Marie — ▪ French physicist Introduction born Jan. 22, 1775, Lyon, France died June 10, 1836, Marseille  French physicist who founded and named the science of electrodynamics, now known as electromagnetism. His name endures in everyday life in the ampere …   Universalium

  • Jean Vatout — Jean Vatout, né à Villefranche sur Saône le 26 mai 1791 et mort à Claremont (Angleterre) le 3 novembre 1848, est un historien français. Biographie Secrétaire de Boissy d Anglas jusqu en 1814, il fut sous préfet de Libourne puis de Semur …   Wikipédia en Français

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