also spelled  Amul 
 town, northern Iran, on the Harhāz River. The exact date of the founding of the town is unknown and enshrouded in legend, but it is certain that there has been a town on the site since Sāsānian times. During the Sāsānian period (AD 224–651), the district of Āmol, together with the neighbouring district of Gīlān, formed a Nestorian Christian episcopate. After the Arab conquest in the 8th century, the town became an important trading and scholarly centre, and it was the capital of the ʿAbbāsid province of Ṭabaristān, famous for its ceramic industry. Āmol was sacked in the 11th century and again in the 14th by Timur (Tamerlane). It recovered, however, and an English traveler in the 17th century described it as a fruitful place with groves and well-built houses. Since then the town has suffered earthquake and flood damage several times but each time has recovered, and it is still a considerable town.

      The modern town is slightly east of the extensive ruins of the old city, which include the mausoleum of Mīr Bozorg. The 17th-century structure is built on the foundations of a 10th-century one, which was destroyed by Timur. Oranges and rice are grown in the area, and there are nearby deposits of coal and iron. Pop. (2006) 199,698.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Amol — (Amul), Stadt am Horas in der persischen Provinz Masenderan; Eisenfabrik; 40,000 Ew., worunter viele Schäfer, die im Sommer mit ihren Heerden ins Gebirge ziehen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Amol — (Amul), Stadt in der pers. Provinz Masenderan, am Kaspischen Meer, im 13. Jahrh. Haupt und Residenzstadt des Reiches, hat 10–20,000 Einw., im Sommer bedeutend weniger. In der Umgebung Eisenbergbau, Reis und Baumwollkultur …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amol — (Amul), Stadt in der pers. Prov. Masenderan, am Fluß Heras, 9000 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • amol — amol·der·ing; …   English syllables

  • amol — (Cf. amole). m. Hond. Bejuco de la familia de las Sapindáceas, que crece en zonas montañosas y se usa machacado para envarbascar …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Amol — Infobox Settlement official name = Āmol other name = native name = آمل nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = city logo = citylogo size = mapsize = 190px map… …   Wikipedia

  • Amol — 36° 26′ N 52° 24′ E / 36.43, 52.40 …   Wikipédia en Français

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