Albert Of Saxony

Albert Of Saxony

▪ German philosopher
also called  Albert Of Ricmestorp , or  Of Halberstadt , German  Albert Von Sachsen , or  Von Ricmestorp , or  Von Halberstadt 
born c. 1316, , Helmstedt, Saxony
died July 8, 1390, Halberstadt

      German scholastic philosopher especially noted for his investigations into physics.

      He studied at Prague and then at the University of Paris, where he was a master of arts from 1351 to 1362 and rector in 1353. Most probably he is to be identified with the Albert of Ricmestorp, or Rückmersdorf, who was rector of the University of Vienna in 1365 and bishop of Halberstadt from 1366 until his death there in 1390.

      Albert based his logic on William Ockham, his physical theory on Jean Buridan, his mathematics on Thomas Bradwardine, and his ethics on Walter Burley (rejecting Buridan's psychological determinism) and was at first respected more for his clarity and exactness in exposition than for his originality. The later scholastic logicians adopted many of the terminological distinctions first found in his works, and he examined and classified 254 sophismata or logical paradoxes. In physics, he wrote at length on place, space, and time; on the impossibility of a plurality of worlds; and, in great detail, on the movement of bodies (Leonardo da Vinci seems to have been indebted to him on this subject). Albert gave particular attention to the problem of gravity, being perhaps the first thinker to distinguish the centre of gravity (gravity, centre of) from the geometrical centre, and to that of the velocity of falling bodies, appreciating that the question was whether velocity was proportional to time or to space. He was also one of the first to understand what is now known as aerostatics, as he maintained that a light balloon would rise and remain suspended in the air if a particle of fire were enclosed in it. Finally, his search for mathematical formulas to express laws of nature foreshadowed the usage of modern physics.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Albert of Saxony — • Fourteenth century philosopher Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Albert of Saxony     Albert of Saxony     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Albert of Saxony — Infobox Saxon Royalty name = Albert full name = Frederick Augustus Albert Anton Ferdinand Joseph Karl Maria Baptist Nepomuk Wilhelm Xaver Georg Fidelis title = King of Saxony imgw = 180px reign =29 October 1873 19 June 1902 caption = Photograph… …   Wikipedia

  • Albert of Saxony (philosopher) — Albert of Saxony (Latin Albertus de Saxonia ; (c. 1320 ndash; 8 July 1390) was a German philosopher known for his contributions to logic and physics. He was bishop of Halberstadt from 1366 until his death.LifeAlbert was born at Rickendorf near… …   Wikipedia

  • Albert of Saxony (disambiguation) — Albert of Saxony may refer to: * Albert of Saxony (1828 1902) * Albert I, Duke of Saxony (ca. 1175 1260) * Albert, Duke of Saxony (1443 1500) * Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen (1738 1822) * Albert of Saxony (philosopher) (1316 1390) …   Wikipedia

  • Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen — Albert Duke of Teschen Governor of the Austrian Netherlands Governor of Hungary Reign 1758–1763 Predecessor Joseph II Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Albert of Saxony — See Late medieval logic …   History of philosophy

  • Albert, Prince Consort — Infobox British Royalty|royal|consort name =Prince Albert title =Prince Consort of the United Kingdom caption = reign =10 February 1840 – 14 December 1861 spouse =Victoria issue =Victoria, German Empress and Queen of Prussia Edward VII Alice,… …   Wikipedia

  • Albert III, Duke of Saxony — Albert, Duke of Saxony redirects here. For the 13th century duke, see Albert I, Duke of Saxony. Albert III Duke of Saxony Reign 7 September 1464 – 12 September 1500 …   Wikipedia

  • Saxony — • Chronology of the area and the people Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Saxony     Saxony     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Albert, Duke of Prussia — Albert of Prussia redirects here. For the 19th century prince, see Prince Albert of Prussia (1809–1872). Albert of Prussia Albert of Prussia (German: Albrecht; Latin: Albertus) (8 July 1490 – 20 March 1568) was the 37th Grand Master of the …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”