Agrippina, Julia

Agrippina, Julia

▪ Roman patrician
also called  Agrippina the Younger 
born AD 15
died 59
 mother of the Roman emperor Nero and a powerful influence on him during the early years of his reign (54–68).

      Agrippina was the daughter of Germanicus Caesar and Vipsania Agrippina, sister of the emperor Gaius (Caligula), or Caligula (reigned 37–41), and wife of the emperor Claudius (41–54). She was exiled in 39 for taking part in a conspiracy against Gaius but was allowed to return to Rome in 41. Her first husband, Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, was Nero's father. She was suspected of poisoning her second husband, Passienus Crispus, in 49. She married Claudius, her uncle, that same year and induced him to adopt Nero as heir to the throne in place of his own son. She also protected Seneca and Burrus, who were to be Nero's tutors and advisers in the early part of his reign. She received the title of Augusta.

      In 54 Claudius died. It was generally suspected that he was poisoned by Agrippina. Because Nero was only 16 when he succeeded Claudius, Agrippina at first attempted to play the role of regent. Her power gradually weakened, however, as Nero came to take charge of the government. As a result of her opposition to Nero's affair with Poppaea Sabina, the Emperor decided to murder his mother. Inviting her to Baiae, he had her set forth on the Bay of Naples in a boat designed to sink, but she swam ashore. Eventually she was put to death on Nero's orders at her country house.

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  • Agrippina, Vipsania — ▪ Roman patrician also called  Agrippina the Elder  born c. 14 BC died Oct. 18, AD 33, the island of Pandateria [modern Ventotene Island, Italy], in the Tyrrhenian Sea       daughter of Marcus Agrippa and Julia (who was the daughter of the… …   Universalium

  • Agrippina — may refer to: In people: Vipsania Agrippina (36 BC–20), daughter of Caecilia Attica and first wife of the Emperor Tiberius Vipsania Marcella Agrippina (born 27 BC), daughter of Claudia Marcella Major and first wife of general Publius Quinctilius… …   Wikipedia

  • Julia the Younger — Julia Minor ( Minor Latin for the younger ) or Julilla (little Julia) (Classical Latin: IVLIA•MINOR, [Aut|E. Groag, A. Stein, L. Petersen e.a. (edd.), Prosopographia Imperii Romani saeculi I, II et III (PIR), Berlin, 1933 I 635] 19 BC 28 or early …   Wikipedia

  • Julia Drusilla — Drusilla, Munich Glyptothek (Inv. 316) Spouse Lucius Cassius Longinus Marcus Aemilius Lepidus House Julio Claudian Dynasty …   Wikipedia

  • Julia Caesaris — (Classical Latin: IVLIA•CAESARIS) is the name of all women in the Julii Caesares patrician family (a subdivision of the Julii family), since feminine names were their father s gens and cognomen declined in the female form. (Male members of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Julia la Menor — Nombre real Vipsania Agrippina Nacimiento 19 a. C. Fallecimiento 29 d. C. Tremerus Consorte Lucio Emilio Paulo Descendencia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Agrippina die Ältere — Vipsania Agrippina (* 14 v. Chr.; † 18. Oktober 33 n. Chr.), oft kurz Agrippina maior (Agrippina die Ältere) genannt, war eine Angehörige der julisch claudischen Dynastie und Mutter des römischen Kaisers Caligula …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agrippīna — Agrippīna, 1) A., erste Gemahlin des Kaisers Tiberius, welcher sich von derselben trennen mußte, am Augusts Tochter, Julia, Agrippas 2. Gemahlin, zu heirathen, sie vermählte sich nachher mit Asinius Pollio; 2) A., Tochter des M. Vipsanius Agrippa …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Agrippina — Agrippina,   1) Agrippina die Ältere, Vipsania Agrippina, * 14 v. Chr., ✝ 33 n. Chr., Tochter des Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa und der Iulia (Julia), Gemahlin des Gaius Iulius Caesar Germanicus, Mutter u. a. von Calig …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Julia (femme de marius) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Julia. Julia Caesaris (v. 130 av. J. C. 69 av. J. C.) est la fille de Iulius Caesar#Arbre généalogique des Julio Claudiens (le grand père du dictateur Caius Julius Caesar IV, dit Jules César ; Julia est donc …   Wikipédia en Français

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