Adams, Marian

Adams, Marian

▪ American socialite and photographer
original name  Marian Hooper , byname  Clover 
born September 13, 1843, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
died December 6, 1885, Washington, D.C.

      American social arbiter and accomplished photographer.

      Marian Hooper was the youngest of three children of Boston Brahmins. When her mother died, about five years after Marian was born, the children were cared for by their father, who took great pains over their education. After her marriage to the historian Henry Adams (Adams, Henry) in 1872, Marian Hooper Adams presided over an intellectual salon in Boston. When the couple moved to Washington, D.C., in 1877, they made their home a centre for the intellectual and political elite of that city. There she also became one of the first women to cultivate a serious interest in photography; her portraits of the historian George Bancroft and the statesman John Hay were particularly notable.

      After the death of her father in 1885, Adams sank into a deep depression; she eventually committed suicide. The bronze monument commissioned for her grave in Washington's Rock Creek Cemetery was executed by Augustus Saint-Gaudens (Saint-Gaudens, Augustus) and is generally acknowledged to be his masterpiece. Sometimes called Grief, it depicts a seated cowled figure. Henry Adams was buried next to his wife in 1918.

Additional Reading
Marian Adams's letters to her father were published as The Letters of Mrs. Henry Adams, 1865–1883, ed. by Ward Thoron (1936). Otto Friedrich, Clover (1979); and Eugenia Kaledin, The Education of Mrs. Henry Adams, 2nd ed. (1994), are biographies.

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Universalium. 2010.

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