- Abse, Dannie
▪ British writerborn Sept. 22, 1923, Cardiff, WalesBritish poet, playwright, essayist, and novelist, known for the characteristically Welsh voice and sensibility of his poetry.Abse was reared in Cardiff. He trained as a physician and qualified as a doctor in 1950. From 1949 to 1954 he edited a literary magazine, Poetry and Poverty, and from 1951 to 1955 he served in the Royal Air Force. Thereafter he worked part-time as a physician at a London clinic while pursuing a freelance writing career.Best known for his poetry, Abse wrote his first book of verse, After Every Green Thing (1948), in a declamatory style. Walking Under Water (1952) followed. He established his mature voice and his reputation with Tenants of the House (1957), in which he addressed moral and political concerns with parables. Poems, Golders Green (1962) explores the poet's outsider identities: as a Welshman and Jew in London, as a suburban householder with a poet's temperament, and as a doctor in a gritty urban neighbourhood. With this volume, Abse's work became increasingly personal, a trend continued in A Small Desperation (1968) and the acclaimed Funland (1973), a nine-part extended allegory on the quest for meaning in a madhouse world. Way Out in the Centre (1981; U.S. title, One-Legged on Ice) further explores, with his characteristic dark wit, Abse's life as a doctor. White Coat, Purple Coat: Collected Poems, 1948–1988 was published in 1989 and Remembrance of Crimes Past in 1990.The most noted of Abse's novels is Ash on a Young Man's Sleeve (1954). There Was a Young Man from Cardiff (1991) is a sequel. His theatrical works include The Dogs of Pavlov (1973), an exploration of how average men allow themselves to do evil, and Pythagoras (1979), in which he used archetypal characters to dramatize the conflict between the rational and the magical. He also wrote an autobiography of his early years, A Poet in the Family (1974), published several volumes of essays (many on medical themes), and edited poetry anthologies.
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