Rudd, Kevin

Rudd, Kevin
▪ 2008

born Sept. 21, 1957, Nambour, Queens., Australia

 In 2007 Australian opposition leader Kevin Rudd ramped up his calls for Prime Minister John Howard to set a date for the next federal elections and urged Howard to meet him in face-to-face debates. Rudd, who had served as leader of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) since 2006, was riding a wave of popular support at the same time that Howard's voter satisfaction ratings were dropping. A poll taken in mid-August found that Rudd's performance satisfaction ratings stood at an impressive 60%. Howard eventually called elections for November 24. Rudd was able to maintain his momentum and succeeded in leading the ALP to a historic victory. Putting an end to more than a decade of conservative government in Australia, the ALP claimed 84 seats in the House of Representatives to the Liberal-National coalition's 64. Rudd took office as prime minister on December 3.

      Rudd grew up on a farm in Eumundi, Queens. Politically active from his youth, he was a member of the ALP from 1972. He attended the Australian National University in Canberra, where he earned a bachelor's degree in Asian studies before embarking on a diplomatic career. He served (1981–88) in Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, holding embassy posts in Stockholm and Beijing. He left the department to become chief of staff for Queensland opposition leader Wayne Goss—a position he retained after Goss became premier of Queensland in 1989. Rudd served as director general of the state cabinet office from 1992 to 1995. Entering the private sector, he worked for two years as a senior consultant for the accounting firm KPMG Australia.

      Rudd was first elected to the federal House of Representatives—as the member for Griffith, Queens.—in 1998 and was twice reelected (2001 and 2004). In Parliament he held a series of increasingly responsible positions within the Labor Party. After the 2001 election, in which Howard's coalition secured a strong working majority, Rudd was appointed shadow minister for foreign affairs. Frequently appearing in televised interviews and on political talk shows, Rudd became known as a vocal critic of the Howard government's handling of the war in Iraq. He was given the additional shadow ministry portfolios of international security in 2003 and trade in 2005. At the ALP caucus held on Dec. 4, 2006, he was chosen party leader, defeating former head Kim Beazley by a vote of 49–39.

      Rudd promised to bring “a new leadership style, with fresh ideas, fresh vision, and fresh energy” to Australian politics. As prime minister, he reiterated his plan to withdraw Australia's combat troops from Iraq by mid-2008, although some troops would remain in a support role. He also signed the paperwork to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and pressed ahead with his comprehensive $2 billion public-health reform plan.

Sherman Hollar

* * *

▪ prime minister of Australia
in full  Kevin Michael Rudd 
born Sept. 21, 1957, Nambour, Queens., Australia
 
 Australian politician, leader of the Australian Labor Party (ALP; 2006– ), and prime minister of Australia (2007– ).

      Rudd grew up on a farm in Eumundi, Queensland. Politically active from his youth, he joined the ALP in 1972. He attended the Australian National University in Canberra, where he earned a bachelor's degree in Asian studies before embarking on a diplomatic career. From 1981 to 1988 he served in Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, holding embassy posts in Stockholm and Beijing. He left the department to become chief of staff for Queensland opposition leader Wayne Goss—a position he retained after Goss became premier of Queensland in 1989. Rudd served as director general of the state cabinet office from 1992 to 1995. Entering the private sector, he worked for two years as a senior consultant for the accounting firm KPMG Australia.

 Rudd was first elected to the federal House of Representatives—as the member for Griffith, Queensland—in 1998 and was twice reelected (2001 and 2004). In Parliament he held a series of positions that gave him increasing responsibility within the Labor Party. After the 2001 election, in which Prime Minister John Winston Howard (Howard, John Winston)'s coalition secured a strong working majority, Rudd was appointed shadow minister for foreign affairs. Frequently appearing in televised interviews and on political talk shows, Rudd became known as a vocal critic of the Howard government's handling of the Iraq War. He was given the additional shadow ministry portfolios of international security in 2003 and trade in 2005. At the ALP caucus held on Dec. 4, 2006, he was chosen party leader, defeating former head Kim Beazley by a vote of 49–39.

      In 2007 Rudd increased his calls for Howard to set a date for the next federal elections and urged the prime minister to meet him in face-to-face debates. Rudd—who was riding a wave of popular support at the same time that Howard's voter-satisfaction ratings were dropping—promised to bring a new leadership style to Australian politics. He called for a clear-cut exit strategy for Australian forces in Iraq, and he criticized Howard for recent rises in interest rates. In addition, Rudd stressed the importance of improving health services. To that end, he announced a comprehensive public health reform plan that he vowed to set in motion early in his administration if he was elected prime minister. In the November 2007 elections, the ALP easily defeated Howard and the Liberal Party. Rudd was sworn in as prime minister on Dec. 3, 2007. Following through on a campaign promise, he formally apologized to the Australian Aborigines (Australian Aborigine) in February 2008 for abuses they suffered under earlier administrations.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kevin Rudd — Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores de Australia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kevin Michael Rudd — Kevin Rudd (2005) Kevin Michael Rudd (* 21. September 1957 in Nambour, Queensland, Australien) ist ein australischer Politiker, ehemaliger Diplomat und seit Dezember 2007 der 26. Premierminister Australiens. Seit Dezember 2006 ist er Vorsitzender …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kevin Rudd — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rudd. Kevin Rudd Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kevin Michael Rudd — Kevin Rudd L honorable Kevin Michael Rudd 26e Premier ministre d Australi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kevin rudd — L honorable Kevin Michael Rudd 26e Premier ministre d Australi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kevin Rudd — (2005) Kevin Michael Rudd (* 21. September 1957 in Nambour, Queensland, Australien) ist ein australischer Politiker, derzeitiger Außenminister, ehemaliger Diplomat und war vom 3. Dezember 2007 bis 24. Juni 2010 der 26. Premierminister Australiens …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rudd (disambiguation) — Rudd is a family name and may refer to:PeopleFamily name* Alyson Rudd, British journalist * Bevil Rudd (1894 1948), South African athlete, Olympic gold medalist * Billy Rudd (born 1941), English footballer * Charles Rudd (1844 1916), business… …   Wikipedia

  • Rudd — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bevil Rudd (1894–1948), südafrikanischer Leichtathlet Charles Rudd (1844–1916), britischer Geschäftsmann Declan Rudd (* 1991), englischer Fußballspieler Delaney Rudd (* 1962), US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kevin — Kevin, del irlandés Caoimhín (del irlandés antiguo Cóemgein, irlandés medio Caoimhghín), es un nombre masculino de origen irlandés. Se cree que San Kevin fue el que popularizó el nombre, aunque Kevin no es un nombre bíblico. Kevin se cree que se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kevin Rudd — Infobox Prime Minister honorific prefix = The Honourable name = Kevin Michael Rudd honorific suffix = BA (Hons) MP imagesize = 200px small caption = order = 26th Prime Minister of Australia Elections: 2007 deputy = Julia Gillard term start = 3… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”