- Imamura, Shohei
▪ 2007Japanese film director (b. Sept. 15, 1926, Tokyo, Japan—d. May 30, 2006, Tokyo), was a master storyteller whose themes followed the lives of people on the lower rungs of society, whether they were gangsters, a traveling group of actors, or children of poverty-stricken parents. His best-known films included Kuroi ame (1989; Black Rain), a chronicle of the aftermath of the bombing of Hiroshima, and two winners of the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Festival—Narayama bushiko (1983; The Ballad of Narayama), the story of a man who must abandon his aged mother atop a mountain to ensure that the village's scarce food supplies are conserved, and Unagi (1997; The Eel), about a former convict who prefers his pet eel to other humans. After graduating (1951) from Waseda University in Tokyo, Imamura was employed as an assistant director at Ofuna studios, where he worked with acclaimed director Yasujiro Ozu. Imamura later entered Nikkatsu studios and began producing his first films in 1958. Some of his other credits included Buta to gunkan (1961; Pigs and Battleships), Nippon konchuki (1963; The Insect Woman), Kamigami no fukaki yokubo (1968; The Profound Desire of the Gods), Eijanaika (1981; Why Not?), and Akai hashi no shita no nurui mizu (2001; Warm Water Under a Red Bridge).
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