Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz Ludwig

Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz Ludwig
▪ 2000

      German-born American biochemist (b. July 29, 1910, Breslau, Ger. [now Wroclaw, Pol.]—d. April 10, 1999, Oakland, Calif.), settled a fundamental scientific question when he discovered that the genetic information controlling viral reproduction resides in the inner nucleic acid component of each virus rather than in a virus's protein case. He was educated at the University of Breslau (M.D., 1933) and the University of Edinburgh (Ph.D., 1936) and in 1941 became a U.S. citizen. After working for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1942–50), he joined the Virus Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, as a resident biochemist, and he became a professor at the university in 1958. In celebrated experiments on the tobacco mosaic virus in the mid-1950s, he succeeded in dismantling the RNA and protein components of the virus, after which he infected tobacco leaves by applying a paste of “pure” RNA (without the protein shell) to show that the RNA was responsible for viral infectivity; he also demonstrated that the separated RNA and protein components could be rejoined to reconstitute the virus. He was a corecipient with Gerhard Schramm and Alfred D. Hershey of the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Research in 1958 and the recipient of two Guggenheim fellowships (1963, 1967). He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1974. In virology research he often collaborated with his wife, biochemist Beatrice B. Singer, and in his later years he was involved in studies of snake venom neurotoxins and chemical carcinogenesis.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Fraenkel-Conrat , Heinz L. — (1910–) German–American biochemist Fraenkel Conrat, son of the noted gynecologist Ludwig Fraenkel, was born in Breslau (which was then in Germany and is now Wrocław in Poland). He left Germany for Britain after graduating MD from the University… …   Scientists

  • Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz L. — ▪ American biochemist in full  Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel Conrat  born July 29, 1910, Breslau, Ger. [now Wrocław, Pol.] died April 10, 1999, Oakland, Calif., U.S.       German American biochemist who helped to reveal the complementary roles of the… …   Universalium

  • Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat — Heinz Fraenkel Conrat. Fotografie aus den 1950er Jahren Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel Conrat (* 29. Juli 1910 in Breslau; † 10. April 1999 in Oakland) war ein deutsch U.S. amerikanischer Biochemiker, der vor allem wegen seiner virologi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat — Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel Conrat (29 de julio, 1910 10 de abril, 1999) fue un bioquímico famoso por sus investigaciones sobre los virus. Biografía Fraenkel Conrat nació en Breslau, antiguamente Alemania y hoy Polonia y se graduó en su universidad en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image width =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = July 29, 1910 birth place = Breslau death date = April 10, 1999 death place = residence = citizenship = United States nationality = Germany ethnicity …   Wikipedia

  • Ludwig — /lud wig, lood vig, wig/; Ger. /looht vikh, loohd /, n. 1. Emil /ay meel/, (Emil Cohn), 1881 1948, German biographer. 2. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning famous warrior. * * * (as used in expressions) Beck Ludwig Beethoven Ludwig… …   Universalium

  • Heinz — /huynz/, n. H(enry) J(ohn), 1844 1919, U.S. businessman: founder of food processing company. * * * (as used in expressions) Fraenkel Conrat Heinz Ludwig Guderian Heinz Wilhelm Heinz Henry John * * * …   Universalium

  • Ludwig — Ludwig, Emil Ludwig, Karl Friedrich Ludwig, Otto * * * (as used in expressions) Beck, Ludwig Beethoven, Ludwig van Boltzmann, Ludwig (Eduard) Erhard, Ludwig Feuerbach, Ludwig (Andreas) Fraenkel Conrat, Heinz L(udwig) Frege, (Friedrich Ludwig)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Liste der Biografien/Fra — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Uniwersytet Wrocławski — Universität Breslau     Rektor Prof.Dr.Marek Bojarski Art öffentlich religiöse Zugehörigkeit keine gegründet 20. Juli 1505, 21. Oktober 1702 Ort Breslau, Polen Eingeschriebene 37.280 (30. Nov. 2008) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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