Atanasoff, John Vincent

Atanasoff, John Vincent
▪ 1996

      U.S. physicist (b. Oct. 4, 1903, Hamilton, N.Y.—d. June 15, 1995, Frederick, Md.), was belatedly credited (1973) with developing the first electronic digital computer. That acknowledgment followed a lawsuit that resulted in a judge's voiding a patent owned by Sperry Rand Corp. on the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), an invention that had been recognized as the first electronic digital computer. Though Atanasoff gained legal stature for his achievement, many historians continued to credit ENIAC's inventors, J. Presper Eckert, Jr. (q.v.), and John W. Mauchly, as the founding fathers of the modern computer. With Clifford Berry, Atanasoff developed (1937-42) a fragile prototype, the Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC), at Iowa State University. The limited-function vacuum-tube device lacked a central processing unit and was not programmable but could solve differential equations using binary arithmetic. The machine was historically important because it contained design components of what would become the basic architecture of a computer, and the computer controversy stemmed from a 1941 visit that Mauchly made to Atanasoff and their discussion about the design of the ABC. Atanasoff abandoned his computer work to become chief of the acoustics division of the Naval Ordnance Laboratory, Washington, D.C., and later headed two engineering firms. His contributions to computing were detailed in two 1988 books, The First Electronic Computer: The Atanasoff Story and Atanasoff: Forgotten Father of the Computer. He was the recipient in 1981 of the Computer Pioneer Medal and was honoured in 1990 with the National Medal of Technology.

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  • Atanasoff , John Vincent — (1904–1995) American physicist and computer pioneer Atanasoff was born in Hamilton, New York, and educated at the universities of Florida, Iowa, and Wisconsin, where he gained his PhD in 1930. He taught at the Iowa State University from 1930… …   Scientists

  • Atanasoff, John Vincent — ● np. m. ►PERS (1904 1995). Physicien étasunien véritable inventeur du premier ordinateur électronique en 1938. Mais sa machine n était pas programmable, contrairement à celle d Eckert et Mauchly, qui ont été crédités de l invention jusqu en 1973 …   Dictionnaire d'informatique francophone

  • John Vincent Atanasoff — (Bulgarisch: Джон Винсент Атанасов, [dʒon vinsent ata nasɔv]; * 4. Oktober 1903 bei Hamilton, New York; † 15. Juni 1995) war ein amerikanischer Physiker. Im Jahr 1973 wurde er durch Gerichtsurteil im Patentstreit Honeywell Inc gegen Sperry Rand… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Vincent Atanasoff — Monument pour John Vincent Atanasoff John Vincent Atanasoff (4 octobre 1903 – 15 juin 1995) était un physicien, mathématicien et ingénieur américain d origine bulgare. Il a été, avec son étudiant Clifford Berry, le concepteur du premier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Vincent Atanasoff — Infobox Scientist name = John Vincent Atanasoff box width = image size =190px caption = Atanasoff designed and built the first electronic, digital computer (non programmable) birth date = birth date|1903|10|4|mf=y birth place = Hamilton, New York …   Wikipedia

  • Atanasoff — John Vincent Atanasoff (Bulgarisch: Джон Винсент Атанасов, [dʒon vinsent ata nasɔv]; * 4. Oktober 1903 bei Hamilton, New York; † 15. Juni 1995) war ein amerikanischer Physiker. Im Jahr 1973 wurde er durch Gerichtsurteil im Patentstreit Honeywell… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Atanasoff — John Vincent Atanasoff Monument pour John Vincent Atanasoff John Vincent Atanasoff (4 octobre 1903 – 15 juin 1995) était un physicien, mathématicien et ingénieur américain d origine bulgare. Il a été, avec son étudiant Clifford Berry, le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vincent — /vin seuhnt/, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. 304, Spanish martyr: patron saint of winegrowers. 2. a male given name: from a Latin word meaning conquering. * * * (as used in expressions) Atanasoff John Vincent Beardsley Aubrey Vincent Benét Stephen… …   Universalium

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

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