liberalism, theological

liberalism, theological
School of religious thought characterized by concern with inner motivation as opposed to external controls.

It was set in motion in the 17th century by René Descartes, who expressed faith in human reason, and it was influenced by such philosophers as Benedict de Spinoza, G. W. Leibniz, and John Locke. Its second stage, which coincided with the Romantic movement of the late 18th and 19th century, was marked by an appreciation of individual creativity, expressed in the writings of philosophers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Immanuel Kant as well as of the theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher. The third stage, from the mid-19th century through the 1920s, emphasized the idea of progress. Stimulated by the Industrial Revolution and by Charles Darwin's Origin of Species (1859), thinkers such as T. H. Huxley and Herbert Spencer in England and William James and John Dewey in the U.S. focused on the psychological study of religious experience, the sociological study of religious institutions, and philosophical inquiry into religious values.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Liberalism — • A free way of thinking and acting in private and public life Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Liberalism     Liberalism     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • theological liberalism — ▪ religion       a form of religious thought that establishes religious inquiry on the basis of a norm other than the authority of tradition. It was an important influence in Protestantism from about the mid 17th century through the 1920s.… …   Universalium

  • theological — adj. Theological is used with these nouns: ↑belief, ↑college, ↑controversy, ↑conviction, ↑debate, ↑dispute, ↑education, ↑enquiry, ↑implication, ↑interpretation, ↑justification, ↑ …   Collocations dictionary

  • liberalism — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ radical ▪ bourgeois ▪ laissez faire ▪ classical, traditional ▪ modern …   Collocations dictionary

  • Association for Theological Education in South East Asia — The Association for Theological Education in South East Asia (ATESEA) is an organisation of seminaries and other tertiary institutes of theology. It is based in Manila, Philippines and currently networks 102 member institutions and schools in 16… …   Wikipedia

  • Adventist Theological Society — The Adventist Theological Society (ATS) is an international nonprofit organization of Seventh day Adventist scholars and lay people. The society holds its annual meeting in connection with the Evangelical Theological Society. It describes its… …   Wikipedia

  • Union Theological Seminary in the City of New York — is a preeminent independent graduate school of theology, located in Manhattan between Claremont Avenue and Broadway, 120th to 122nd Streets. The seminary was founded in 1836 under the Presbyterian Church [ [ …   Wikipedia

  • congregationalism — congregationalist, n., adj. /kong gri gay sheuh nl iz euhm/, n. 1. a form of Protestant church government in which each local religious society is independent and self governing. 2. (cap.) the system of government and doctrine of Congregational… …   Universalium

  • New traditionalism — is considered to be a new phase of traditionalism that appeared in the late 20th through early 21st centuries. Its beliefs are constantly in conflict with secular liberalism. However, Jeffrey Stout has written a book about an alternate philosophy …   Wikipedia

  • Soden, Hermann, Freiherr (baron) von — ▪ German biblical scholar born Aug. 16, 1852, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 15, 1914, Berlin, Ger.       German biblical scholar who established a new theory of textual history of the New Testament.       Educated at the University of Tübingen …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”