hunting and gathering society

hunting and gathering society
Any human society that depends on hunting, fishing, or the gathering of wild plants for subsistence.

Until с 8,000 years ago, all peoples were foragers of wild food. Many foraging peoples continued to practice their traditional way of life into the 20th century, but today all such peoples have developed extensive contacts with settled groups. In the traditional hunting-and-gathering society, social groups were small, usually made up of either individual family units or a number of related families collected together in a band. The diet was well balanced and ample, and food was shared. The men usually did the hunting while the women gathered plants and did most domestic chores. The remainder of the time was spent on social and religious activities.

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Universalium. 2010.

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