York plays

York plays
Cycle of 48 plays performed in the Middle Ages by craft guilds in York, Eng.

The York cycle, which dates from the 14th century, is of unknown authorship; it covers the story of the Fall of Man and his redemption, from the creation of the angels to the Final Judgment. The plays, performed on the summer feast day of Corpus Christi, were given in chronological order, on pageant wagons proceeding from one selected place to another. See also mystery play.

* * *

▪ medieval cycle
      a cycle of 48 plays, dating from the 14th century, of unknown authorship, which were performed during the Middle Ages by craft guilds in the city of York, in the north of England, on the summer feast day of Corpus Christi. Some of the York plays are almost identical with corresponding plays in the Wakefield cycle (Wakefield plays), and it has been suggested that there was an original (now lost) from which both cycles descended. It is more likely, however, that the York cycle was transferred bodily to Wakefield some time during the later 14th century and there established as a Corpus Christi cycle.

      The plays were given in York on one day, in chronological order, on pageant wagons proceeding from one selected place to another. The cycle covers the story of man's fall and redemption, from the creation of the angels to the Last Judgment; six plays are peculiar to York (the play of Herod's son, of the Transfiguration, of Pilate's wife, of Pilate's majordomo, of the high priests' purchase of the field of blood, and of the appearance of the Virgin to the Apostle Thomas).

      In the last revision of the York plays, about 14 plays (mainly those concerning Christ's Passion) were redacted into alliterative verse. These are powerful and the work of a dramatic genius, often referred to as the York Realist.

      The York plays have been preserved in the Ashburnham Manuscript, in the British Library.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • York plays — A cycle of *mystery plays performed at York. They are first mentioned in 1387, although by that time they had a history behind them just how long is uncertain. Certainly, by 1397 they were famous enough to prompt a visit by Richard II. Cf.… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • York Mystery Plays — The York Mystery Plays are an English cycle of forty eight mystery plays, or pageants, which cover sacred history from the creation to the Last Judgement. These were traditionally presented on the feast day of Corpus Christi (a movable feast… …   Wikipedia

  • York Cycle —    The cycle of MYSTERY plays performed at York is one of only four extant cycles from the late Middle Ages, out of at least 12 that are known to have existed. (Others are the CHESTER and TOWNELEY CYCLES, and N TOWN, or Ludus Coventriae, PLAYS).… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • York — /yawrk/, n. 1. a member of the royal house of England that ruled from 1461 to 1485. 2. 1st Duke of (Edmund of Langley), 1341 1402, progenitor of the house of York (son of Edward III). 3. Alvin Cullum /kul euhm/ (Sergeant), 1887 1964, U.S. soldier …   Universalium

  • Plays Afro-Cuban : Ritmo Caliente — Plays Afro Cuban: Ritmo Caliente Album par Cal Tjader Sortie 1954 Enregistrement le 6 mars 1954 à San Francisco le 25 mars 1954 à Los Angeles le 6 juin 1954 à New York City. Durée 32:32 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • York Boulevard (Hamilton, Ontario) — York Boulevard is a Lower City arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Formerly known as Highway 2 and Highway 6,starts off in Burlington, Ontario at Plains Road West as a two way arterial road that wraps around and over the Hamilton Harbour… …   Wikipedia

  • York Street Public School — is an elementary school in the Lower Town neighbourhood of Ottawa, Canada. The school was built in 1922 replacing four smaller schools in the area: Robinson Primary, George Street, Rideau Street, and Bolton. It has long been in a poorer part of… …   Wikipedia

  • PLAYS AND ANTHOLOGIES — Acosta, Mercedes de. Women in Turmoil: Six Plays by Mercedes de Acosta. Ed. Robert A. Schanke. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2003. Barlow, Judith E., ed. Plays by American Women, 1900 1930. New York: Applause, 2001. Clark,… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • York — For other uses, see York (disambiguation). York   Unitary Authority and City   …   Wikipedia

  • York Museum Gardens — Museum Gardens Main Gates and lodge house of York Museum Gardens Location York, England …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”