Yeltsin, Boris (Nikolayevich)

Yeltsin, Boris (Nikolayevich)
born Feb. 1, 1931, Sverdlovsk, Russia, U.S.S.R.

Russian politician and president of Russia (1990–99).

After attending the Urals Polytechnic Institute, he worked at construction projects in western Russia (1955–68). He became Communist Party leader in Sverdlovsk in 1976, and he was an ally of Mikhail Gorbachev. Gorbachev later charged Yeltsin with eliminating corruption in the Moscow party organization, and as first secretary (mayor) of Moscow (1985–87) he proved a determined reformer. His criticism of the slow pace of reform led to a break with Gorbachev, and Yeltsin lost his position. In 1989 he was elected to the new Soviet parliament by a landslide, then became president of the Russian Republic (1990) and resigned from the Communist Party. In 1991 he won the presidency again in the first popular election in Russian history. When communist hard-liners staged a coup against Gorbachev, Yeltsin successfully opposed it, facing down its leaders with a dramatic outdoor speech in Moscow. He led the establishment of the Commonwealth of Independent States (1991) and began to transform Russia's economy into one based on free markets and private enterprise. Hard-liners staged an unsuccessful coup against Yeltsin in 1993. When Chechnya unilaterally declared independence, Yeltsin sent troops to fight the rebels (1994). The Chechnya situation and Russia's deepening economic distress lessened his popularity, but he won reelection over a Communist Party challenger in 1996. After suffering a heart attack, he spent several months recovering. Continuing poor health led to his resignation on Dec. 31, 1999. He was succeeded by Vladimir Putin.

Boris Yeltsin, 1991.

Vario Press
Camera Press/Globe Photos

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Yeltsin,Boris Nikolayevich — Yel·tsin (yĕltʹsĭn), Boris Nikolayevich. Born 1931. Russian politician who was elected president of the republic of Russia in 1991. He was reelected to the position in 1996. * * * …   Universalium

  • Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich — (1931–2007)    Born in the village of Butko in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Boris Yeltsin was the son of a construction worker and a seamstress. As a youth, he lost the thumb and index finger of his left hand while dismantling a grenade he stole from a… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich — (1931– )    Boris Yeltsin rose quickly in the Communist Party to head the Sverdlovsk party apparatus in the late 1970s. He was, however, twice deeply embarrassed by the KGB in the 1970s. KGB Chair Yuri Andropov ordered him to destroy the house in …   Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence

  • Yeltsin, Boris Nikolayevich — ▪ 2008  Russian politician born Feb. 1, 1931 , Sverdlovsk [now Yekaterinburg], Russia, U.S.S.R. died April 23, 2007 , Moscow, Russia as independent Russia s first popularly elected president (1991–99), guided the country through a stormy decade… …   Universalium

  • Yeltsin, Boris — ▪ president of Russia in full  Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin   born February 1, 1931, Sverdlovsk [now Yekaterinburg], Russia, U.S.S.R. died April 23, 2007, Moscow, Russia  Russian politician, who became president of Russia in 1990. In 1991 he became …   Universalium

  • Boris Yeltsin — Yeltsin redirects here. For other uses, see Yeltsin (disambiguation). Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin Борис Николаевич Ельцин 1st President of the Russian Federation In office 25 December 1991 – …   Wikipedia

  • Borís Yeltsin — Borís Nikoláyevich Yeltsin Борис Николаевич Ельцин …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nikolayevich — (as used in expressions) Nikolay Nikolayevich Aleksandr Nikolayevich Baryshnikov Mikhail Nikolayevich Benois Alexandre Nikolayevich Kosygin Aleksey Nikolayevich Kuropatkin Aleksey Nikolayevich Milyukov Pavel Nikolayevich Ostrovsky Aleksandr… …   Universalium

  • Boris — /bawr is, bohr , bor /; Russ. /bu rddyees /, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Becker Boris Franz Boris I Chain Sir Ernst Boris Godunov Boris Fyodorovich Karloff Boris Pasternak Boris Leonidovich Spassky Boris Vasilyevich… …   Universalium

  • Boris Nikolajewitsch Jelzin — Boris Jelzin, offizielles Porträt Boris Nikolajewitsch Jelzin (russisch Борис Николаевич Ельцин …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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