Wilson, James

Wilson, James
born Sept. 14, 1742, Fife, Scot.
died Aug. 21, 1798, Edenton, N.C., U.S.

American colonial lawyer, politician, and jurist.

Immigrating to North America in 1765, he taught Greek and rhetoric in the College of Philadelphia and then studied law under John Dickinson. In 1774 he published a widely read treatise proposing a commonwealth of British colonies. He was a member of the Committee of Correspondence, a delegate to the Continental Congress (1775–77), and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He helped draft the U.S. Constitution and the Pennsylvania state constitution and delivered lectures that became landmarks in American jurisprudence. He served on the U.S. Supreme Court (1789–98).

* * *

▪ United States statesman
born Sept. 14, 1742, Fife, Scot.
died Aug. 21, 1798, Edenton, N.C., U.S.
 colonial American lawyer and political theorist, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and member of the Constitutional Convention of 1787.

      Immigrating to North America in 1765, Wilson taught Greek and rhetoric in the College of Philadelphia and then studied law under John Dickinson, statesman and delegate to the First Continental Congress. Wilson's fame spread with publication in 1774 of his treatise Considerations on the Nature and Extent of the Legislative Authority of the British Parliament. In this work he set out a scheme of empire in which the British colonies would have the equivalent of dominion status. In 1774 he became a member of the Committee of Correspondence in Cumberland County, Pa., and he served as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress. In 1779 he was appointed advocate general for France and represented that country in cases rising out of its alliance with the American colonies. He became a champion of the Bank of North America and an associate of merchant-banker Robert Morris in his struggle for currency reform after 1781. As a member of the federal Congress (1783; 1785–86), he pressed for an amendment to the Articles of Confederation to permit Congress to levy a general tax.

      During the Constitutional Convention in 1787, Wilson helped to draft the U.S. Constitution; he then led the fight for ratification in Pennsylvania. In 1790 he engineered the drafting of Pennsylvania's new constitution and delivered a series of lectures that are landmarks in the evolution of American jurisprudence. He was appointed an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1789–98), where his most notable decision was that on Chisholm v. Georgia. In the winter of 1796–97 financial ruin brought on by unwise land speculation shattered his health and ended his career.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wilson,James — Wilson, James. 1742 1798. American Revolutionary patriot and jurist. A signer of the Declaration of Independence, he later served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1789 1798). * * * …   Universalium

  • Wilson, (James)Harold. — Wilson, (James) Harold. Baron Wilson of Rievaulx. 1916 1995. British politician who served as prime minister (1964 1970 and 1974 1976). His administration was marked by turmoil in Rhodesia and Northern Ireland and resistance to a price and income …   Universalium

  • Wilson, (James) Harold, barón Wilson (de Rievaulx) — (11 mar. 1916, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–24 may. 1995, Londres). Político y primer ministro británico (1964–70, 1974–76). Hijo de un químico industrial, se educó en la Universidad de Oxford, donde colaboró con William Beveridge en un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wilson, James Harold — (1916–95)    Harold Wilson served as a postwar Labour minister in the Attlee Government and later became Prime Minister from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976. His Governments were undermined by longstanding economic problems that limited the scope… …   Glossary of UK Government and Politics

  • Wilson, James — (14 sep. 1742, Fife, Escocia–21 ago. 1798, Edenton, N.C., EE.UU.). Abogado, político y jurista colonial norteamericano. Inmigró a América del Norte en 1765, enseñó griego y retórica en el College of Philadelphia, luego estudió derecho con John… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wilson, (James) Harold, Baron Wilson (of Rievaulx) — born March 11, 1916, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, Eng. died May 24, 1995, London British politician and prime minister (1964–70, 1974–76). The son of an industrial chemist, he was educated at the University of Oxford, where he collaborated with… …   Universalium

  • Wilson, James Harold — ► (n. 1916) Político británico. Fue primer ministro en dos ocasiones (1964 70 y 1974 76). Siguió la línea política de los anteriores gobiernos laboristas: descolonización y mejoras salariales del proletariado …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wilson (Familienname) — Wilson ist ein englischer Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name bedeutet Sohn des Wil. Somit handelt es sich um einen patronymisch gebildeten Namen. Verbreitung 1990 war Wilson in den USA der achthäufigste Familienname.[1] Varianten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Wilson (Begriffsklärung) — James Wilson ist der Name folgender Personen: James Wilson (1742–1798), US amerikanischer Rechtstheoretiker und Gründervater James Wilson (1766–1839), US amerikanischer Politiker James Wilson (Kapitän) (1769–1814), britischer Kapitän und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Falconer Wilson — (* 19. Oktober 1828 in Newark, Ohio; † 22. April 1895 in Fairfield, Iowa) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikanische P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”