Whistler, James (Abbott) McNeill

Whistler, James (Abbott) McNeill
born July 14, 1834, Lowell, Mass., U.S.
died July 17, 1903, London, Eng.

U.S.-born British painter, etcher, and lithographer.

He attended West Point but soon abandoned the army for art. In 1855 he arrived in Paris to study painting and adopted a bohemian lifestyle. In 1863 he moved to London, where he had considerable success, becoming widely famous for his wit and large public presence. During the 1860s and '70s he began to use musical terms in the titles of his paintings, such as Symphony and Harmony, reflecting his belief in the "correspondences" between the arts. During this period he started to paint his "nocturnes"
scenes of London, especially of Chelsea, that have poetic intensity. For them he evolved a special technique by which paint, in a very liquid state he called a sauce, was stroked onto the canvas in fast sweeps of the brush, somewhat in the manner of Japanese calligraphy (he was an outspoken advocate of Japanese arts). From the 1870s onward he was preoccupied by the problems of portrait painting, creating a number of masterpieces, including Arrangement in Grey and Black, No. 1: The Artist's Mother (1871–72), known as Whistler's Mother. These paintings underline his aestheticism, his liking for simple forms and muted tones, and his dependence on the 17th-century Spanish painter Diego Velázquez. In 1877 he brought a libel suit against John Ruskin for attacking his Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket (1875); he won his case but received damages of only a farthing, and the costs of the suit temporarily bankrupted him. Considered one of the leading painters of his day, after his death his reputation declined. Only in the later 20th century did Whistler begin to receive serious acclaim once again.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Whistler, James (Abbott) McNeill — (14 jul. 1834, Lowell, Mass., EE.UU. –17 jul. 1903, Londres, Inglaterra). Pintor, aguafuertista y litógrafo británico de origen estadounidense. Estudió en West Point, pero muy pronto abandonó el ejército para dedicarse al arte. En 1855 llegó a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James Abbott McNeill Whistler — Selbstporträt Whistlers, Detroit Institute of Arts James Abbott McNeill Whistler (* 10. Juli 1834 in Lowell, Massachusetts; † 17. Juli 1903 in Chelsea, London) war ein US amerik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Abbott McNeill Whistler — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Whistler. James Abbott McNeill Whistler …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Whistler, James Abbott McNeill —  (1834–1903) American painter …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • James Abbott McNeill Whistler — Infobox Artist bgcolour = tan name = James Abbott McNeill Whistler imagesize = 200px caption = Self portrait (1872), Detroit Institute of Arts birthname = birthdate = birth date|mf=yes|1834|7|14 location = Lowell, Massachusetts deathdate = death… …   Wikipedia

  • James Abbott McNeill Whistler — noun United States painter (1834 1903) • Syn: ↑Whistler • Instance Hypernyms: ↑painter …   Useful english dictionary

  • Whistler, James McNeill — ▪ American artist Introduction in full  James Abbott McNeill Whistler  born July 11, 1834, Lowell, Mass., U.S. died July 17, 1903, London, Eng.   American born artist noted for his paintings of nocturnal London, for his striking and stylistically …   Universalium

  • James Abbott McNeill Whistler — n. (1834 1903) United States writer and artist, creator of the etchings The Bridge and The Doorway , author of The Gentle Art of Making Enemies …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Whistler — (James Abbott McNeill) (1834 1903) peintre et graveur américain. Ses portraits et paysages tiennent de l impressionnisme et du symbolisme …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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