Western Indian bronze

Western Indian bronze
Style of metal sculpture that flourished in India from the 6th to the 12th century and later, mainly in the area of modern Gujarat and Rajasthan states.

Most of the bronzes are associated with Jainism; they include representations of saviour figures and ritual objects such as incense burners and lamp bearers. Most are small, as they were intended for private worship. They were made by lost-wax casting, and the eyes and ornaments are frequently inlaid with silver and gold.

Rsabhanatha, Western Indian bronze from Chahardi, western Khandesh, Maharashtra state, 9th century ...

P. Chandra

* * *

▪ Indian art
      any of a style of metal sculpture that flourished in India during the 6th to the 12th century and later, mainly in the area of modern Gujarāt and Rājasthān states. The bronzes are, for the most part, images of the Jaina faith—representations of the saviour figures and ritual objects such as incense burners and lamp bearers.

      Important hoards have been discovered at Akota, near Vadodara (formerly Baroda, in Gujarāt), and at Vasantgarh, near Pindwāra (Rājasthān). The images are mostly small in size, intended for private worship. The bronzes were cast by the cire-perdue (“lost wax”) process, and the eyes and ornaments are frequently inlaid with silver and gold. In the earliest images—such as the Ṛṣabhanātha and the Jivantasvami (Mahāvīra as prince) from Akota that are now in the Baroda Museum—the Gupta idiom is apparent.

      The dictates of the Jaina religion, which emphasizes the detachment of the Tīrthaṅkaras (Tirthankara) from the world, left little scope for variety of representation (see Tīrthaṅkara (Tirthankara)). The main figures are shown either standing stiffly with arms to the side in the kāyotsarga (“abandoning the body”) pose or sitting in the posture of meditation (dhyana-mudra). More variety is seen in the attendant figures, such as the graceful caurī (“whisk”) bearer from Akota in the Baroda Museum. From the 8th century the number of attendant figures, such as yakshas and yakshis (respectively, male and female nature deities), and of the Tīrthaṅkaras increased, and the composition became more elaborate. This tendency reached its extreme in metal images depicting all 24 Tīrthaṅkaras. With the elaboration of design, the quality of the modeling became increasingly dry, so that the later bronzes are somewhat static and frozen.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bronze — bronzy, bronzelike, adj. /bronz/, n., v., bronzed, bronzing, adj. n. 1. Metall. a. any of various alloys consisting essentially of copper and tin, the tin content not exceeding 11 percent. b. any of various other alloys having a large copper… …   Universalium

  • Indian — /in dee euhn/, n. 1. Also called American Indian, Amerind, Amerindian, Native American. a member of the aboriginal people of America or of any of the aboriginal North or South American stocks, usually excluding the Eskimos. 2. any of the… …   Universalium

  • western — /wes teuhrn/, adj. 1. lying toward or situated in the west: our company s western office. 2. directed or proceeding toward the west: a western migration. 3. coming or originating from the west, as a wind. 4. (often cap.) of, pertaining to, living …   Universalium

  • Bronze Age — For other uses, see Bronze Age (disambiguation). Diffusion of metallurgy in western Europe. The darkest areas are the oldest. Bronze Age …   Wikipedia

  • Western architecture — Introduction       history of Western architecture from prehistoric Mediterranean cultures to the present.       The history of Western architecture is marked by a series of new solutions to structural problems. During the period from the… …   Universalium

  • Indian mathematics — mdash;which here is the mathematics that emerged in South Asia from ancient times until the end of the 18th century mdash;had its beginnings in the Bronze Age Indus Valley civilization (2600 1900 BCE) and the Iron Age Vedic culture (1500 500 BCE) …   Wikipedia

  • Western use of the Swastika in the early 20th century — adopted the symbol in the 1920s, it continued in use in Western countries with its original meaning until the Nazi association became dominant in the 1930s. The term swastika is first attested in English in 1871, and first refers to the Nazi… …   Wikipedia

  • Western sculpture — ▪ art Introduction       three dimensional artistic forms produced in what is now Europe and later in non European areas dominated by European culture (such as North America) from the Metal Ages (Europe, history of) to the present.       Like… …   Universalium

  • western Africa, history of — Introduction       history of the region from the 11th century to the present.       A reasonable body of sources for the writing of western African history begins to be available about AD 1000. Three centuries earlier, the Arabs (Arab) had… …   Universalium

  • Indian religions — For religious demographics of the Republic of India, see Religion in India. badrinath temple,holy place for hindus …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”