Wei River

Wei River
River, north-central China.

It rises in the mountains of southeastern Gansu province and flows east through Shaanxi province to join the Huang He (Yellow River). It is 537 mi (864 km) long. Its valley was the earliest centre of Chinese civilization and until the 10th century AD was the site of a succession of capital cities. In the 3rd century BC the area around the junction of the Ching and Wei rivers was the site of the first ambitious irrigation works in China.

* * *

river, Gansu and Shaanxi provinces, China
Chinese (Pinyin)  Wei He  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Wei Ho 

      river in Gansu and Shaanxi (Shensi) provinces, north-central China, a western tributary of the Huang He (Yellow River). It rises in the Niaoshu Mountains in Weiyuan county of central Gansu province and flows east, first between the north-south-trending Long Mountains and the east-west-trending Qin (Tsinling) Mountains (Qin Mountains) and then along the northern base of the Qin. Entering Shaanxi province, it flows to the north of Xi'an and Huayin before joining the Huang He at Tongguan. The river's total length is approximately 535 miles (860 km). Its basin is sharply defined to the south, through most of its course, by the abrupt clifflike northern face of the Qin Mountains. The Wei's drainage basin is formed almost entirely by tributaries flowing from the north and is divided into three major areas: the mountainous and arid plateau region to the west of the Long and Liupan (Liupan Mountains) mountain ranges in Gansu; the heavily dissected Loess Plateau of Shaanxi, which is covered with the fine windblown silt called loess; and the troughlike floodplain of the river's lower course. Its major tributaries in Shaanxi are the Jing (Jing River) and Luo rivers.

      Historically, the Wei River valley was the earliest centre of Chinese civilization and until the 10th century AD was the site of a succession of capital cities. The area around the junction of the Jing and the Wei rivers was also the site of the first ambitious irrigation works in China—the Baigong and Chenggong canal systems, built in the 3rd century BC. The Wei and its tributaries have always carried a heavy silt load and thus have never been major waterways. To supply the capital cities in the area of Xi'an, canals (canals and inland waterways) were built paralleling the river as far east as Tongguan. The first of these was constructed at the beginning of the 1st century BC during the Han dynasty (206 BC–AD 220). Although this earliest canal fell into disrepair, another canal was built during the Sui dynasty (581–618). The irrigation works on which the Wei River valley depended for its prosperity have undergone many vicissitudes. After being left derelict in the late 19th century, a new canal system called the Weihui (“Favour of the Wei”) was opened in 1937.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wei River — The Wei River (Simplified Chinese:渭河; pinyin: Wei He; Wade Giles: Wei Ho) is a river in west central China and is the largest tributary of the Yellow River. The source of the Wei River is close to Weiyuan County in Gansu province. Weiyuan (渭源)… …   Wikipedia

  • Wei River (Shandong) — The Wei River of Shandong Province is a watercourse that meets the Grand Canal at Linqing in northwest Shandong province. It more or less parallels the Yellow River at some distance for a few miles. This river is a smaller different river from… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Wei River — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Wei River caption= battle name= partof=the Chu Han contention date=204 BC place=Weifang, Shandong result=Han victory combatant1=Principality of Han combatant2=State of Qi, Western Chu commander1=Han… …   Wikipedia

  • Wei — The term Wei may refer to:Dynasties * Northern Wei Dynasty, archaeologically the most famous of the Wei dynasties. * Wei (Spring and Autumn Period), state during the Spring and Autumn Period * State of Wei during the Spring and Autumn Period and… …   Wikipedia

  • Wei — /way/, n. any of several dynasties that ruled in North China, esp. one ruling A.D. 220 265 and one ruling A.D. 386 534. * * * (as used in expressions) wei ch i Jiang Wei K ang Yu wei Northern Wei dynasty Northern Wei sculpture Wang Ching wei Wei… …   Universalium

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Wei Xiaokuan — (韋孝寬) (509 580), formal personal name Wei Shuyu (韋叔裕) (but went by the courtesy name of Xiaokuan), known by the Xianbei name Yuwen Xiaokuan (宇文孝寬) during late Western Wei and Northern Zhou, formally Duke Xiang of Xun (勛襄公), was a general of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Wei Zheng — (Zh cw|c=魏徵|w=Wei Cheng 580 643), courtesy name Xuancheng (玄成), formally Duke Wenzhen of Zheng (鄭文貞公), was a Chinese politician and the lead editor of the Book of Sui , composed in 636. He served as a chancellor of Tang Dynasty for about 13 years …   Wikipedia

  • Wei Wei (writer) — Wei Wei (Chinese: 魏巍; Pinyin: Wèi Wéi; January 16 1920 ndash; August 24, 2008), originally known as Hong Jie (鴻傑), was a poet, a prose writer, a literary report writer, a journalist, a vice editor in chief and the editor of various newspapers in… …   Wikipedia

  • Wei Daijia — (韋待價) (d. 689? [All sources indicate that Wei Daija died shortly after Empress Dowager Wu exiled in 689, which implies that he did die that year, but does not conclusively establish it.] ) was a general and official of the Chinese dynasty Tang… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”