Turing, Alan (Mathison)

Turing, Alan (Mathison)
born June 23, 1912, London, Eng.
died June 7, 1954, Wilmslow, Cheshire

English mathematician and logician.

He studied at the Universityof Cambridge and at Princeton's Institute for Advanced Study. In his seminal 1936 paper "On Computable Numbers," he proved that there cannot exist any universal algorithmic method of determining truth in mathematics and that mathematics will always contain undecidable (as opposed to unknown) propositions. That paper also introduced the Turing machine. He believed that computers eventually would be capable of thought indistinguishable from that of a human and proposed a simple test (see Turing test) to assess this capability. His papers on the subject are widely acknowledged as the foundation of research in artificial intelligence. He did valuable work in cryptography during World War II; after the war he taught at the University of Manchester. His apparent suicide at 41 followed an arrest for homosexual acts and extreme medical treatments aimed at changing his sexual orientation.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Turing , Alan Mathison — (1912–1954) British mathematician Turing, who was born in London, saw little of his parents in his early years. His father served in the Indian Civil Service before retiring in 1926; thereafter they lived in France to eke out a small pension.… …   Scientists

  • Turing, Alan Mathison — ● np. m. ►PERS (23/06/1912 07/06/1954). Mathématicien, logicien et informaticien britannique, qui fut l un des fondateurs de l informatique moderne, avec von Neumann, John et Wiener, Norbert. La machine de Turing est la machine contenant toutes… …   Dictionnaire d'informatique francophone

  • Turing, Alan (Mathison) — (23 jun. 1912, Londres, Inglaterra–7 jun. 1954, Wilmslow, Cheshire). Matemático y dialéctico inglés. Estudió en la Universidad de Cambridge y en el Instituto para estudios avanzados de Princeton. En su artículo elemental de 1936 On Computable… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Alan Mathison Turing — Turing Denkmal in Manchester Alan Mathison Turing [ˈælən ˈmæθɪsən ˈtjʊəɹɪŋ] (* 23. Juni 1912 in London; † 7. Juni 1954 in Wilmslow, Cheshire) war ein britischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alan Mathison Turing — (23 de junio de 1912 7 de junio de 1954). Fue matemático, científico de la computación, criptógrafo y filósofo. Se le considera uno de los padres de la Ingeniería informática siendo el precursor de la Ciencia de la computación moderna.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Turing, Alan M. — ▪ English mathematician Introduction in full  Alan Mathison Turing  born June 23, 1912, London, England died June 7, 1954, Wilmslow, Cheshire  British mathematician and logician, who made major contributions to mathematics, cryptanalysis… …   Universalium

  • Alan Mathison Turing — noun English mathematician who conceived of the Turing machine and broke German codes during World War II (1912 1954) • Syn: ↑Turing, ↑Alan Turing • Instance Hypernyms: ↑mathematician …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alan Turing — Turing redirects here. For other uses, see Turing (disambiguation). Alan Turing Turing at the time of his election to Fellowship of the Royal Society …   Wikipedia

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