Trumbull, John

Trumbull, John
born June 6, 1756, Lebanon, Conn.
died Nov. 10, 1843, New York, N.Y., U.S.

U.S. painter, architect, and author.

The son of Gov. Jonathan Trumbull (1710–85), he served as an aide to George Washington during the American Revolution and later as secretary to John Jay in London. In 1784 he studied painting in London with Benjamin West, and with West's encouragement he began the celebrated series of historical paintings and engravings he would work on throughout his life. In 1817 he was commissioned by Congress to paint the four large pictures that decorate the Capitol rotunda (completed 1826); most of the figures in the often-reproduced Declaration of Independence were painted from life.

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▪ American painter
born June 6, 1756, Lebanon, Connecticut, U.S.
died November 10, 1843, New York, New York
 American painter, architect, and author, whose paintings of major episodes in the American Revolution form a unique record of that conflict's events and participants.

      Trumbull was the son of the Connecticut governor Jonathan Trumbull (a first cousin to the poet John Trumbull (Trumbull, John)). A boyhood injury to his left eye made him virtually monocular. After graduating from Harvard College in 1773, he worked as a teacher. During the American Revolution he served as an aide to General George Washington (Washington, George) and achieved the rank of colonel.

      In 1780 Trumbull went to London via France, but, in reprisal for the hanging of the British agent Major John André by the Americans, he was imprisoned there. Once released, he returned home but subsequently went back to London by 1784 to study with the painter Benjamin West (West, Benjamin).

      At the suggestion of West and with the encouragement of Thomas Jefferson (Jefferson, Thomas), Trumbull about 1784 began the celebrated series of historical paintings and engravings that he was to work on sporadically for the remainder of his life. From 1789 he was in the United States, but he returned to London in 1794 as secretary to John Jay (Jay, John). He remained there for 10 years as a commissioner for the implementation of the Jay Treaty. During this period, in 1800, he married Sarah Hope Harvey, an English amateur painter. Moving back and forth between England and the United States, in 1808 he attempted portrait painting in London but met with little success. From 1815 to 1837 he maintained a rather unsuccessful studio in New York City.

      In 1817 Trumbull was commissioned by the U.S. Congress to paint four large pictures in the rotunda of the Capitol at Washington, D.C.: Washington Resigning His Commission, The Surrender of Cornwallis, The Surrender of Burgoyne, and, best known of all, Declaration of Independence. This series, which he completed in 1824, was based on the small and superior originals of these scenes that he had painted in the 1780s and '90s. In 1831 Benjamin Silliman (Silliman, Benjamin), a professor at Yale, established the Trumbull Gallery at Yale, the first art gallery at an educational institution in America. Trumbull gave his best works to this gallery in exchange for an annuity.

Additional Reading
Theodore Sizer, The Works of Colonel John Trumbull: Artist of the American Revolution, rev. ed. (1967); Helen A. Cooper, John Trumbull: The Hand and Spirit of a Painter (1982).

▪ American poet
born April 24, 1750, Westbury, Conn. [U.S.]
died May 11, 1831, Detroit, Michigan Territory

      American poet and jurist, known for his political satire, and a leader of the Hartford wits (q.v.).

      While a student at Yale College (now Yale University), Trumbull wrote two kinds of poetry: “correct” but undistinguished elegies of the Neoclassical school, and brilliant, comic verse that he circulated among friends. His burlesque “Epithalamium” (1769) combined wit and scholarship, and his essays in the style of Joseph Addison were published in The Boston Chronicle in 1770. While a tutor at Yale he wrote The Progress of Dulness (1772–73), an attack on educational methods.

      He passed the bar examinations in 1773 and moved to Boston. His major work was the comic epic M'Fingal (1776–82). Despite its pro-Whig bias, its reputation as anti-Tory propaganda has been exaggerated.

      His literary importance declined after 1782, as he became increasingly interested in law and politics. He first held office in 1789 as a state's attorney and subsequently as a state legislator and a judge until 1819.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Trumbull, John — (6 jun. 1756, Lebanon, Conn.–10 nov. 1843, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Pintor, arquitecto y escritor, estadounidense. Hijo del gob. Jonathan Trumbull (n. 1710–m. 1785). Se desempeñó como ayudante de George Washington durante la guerra de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Trumbull,John — I. Trum·bull1 (trŭmʹbəl), John. 1750 1831. American poet noted for his satirical works, including The Progress of Dulness (1772 1773).   II. Trum·bull2 (trŭmʹbəl), John. 1756 1843. American painter of historical scenes, such as The Battle of… …   Universalium

  • Trumbull, John — (1750 1831)    Poet, b. at Waterbury, Conn., was a lawyer, and became a judge. He wrote much verse, his principal productions being The Progress of Dulness (1772) and McFingal (1782), written in support of the Revolution in imitation of Hudibras …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Trumbull, John —    см. Трамбулл, Джон …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • John Trumbull — John Trumbull …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Trumbull — (* 6. Juni 1756 in Lebanon, Connecticut, damals britische Kolonie, heute USA; † 10. November 1843 in New York City, USA) war ein amerikanischer Maler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Trumbull — (6 juin 1756 – 10 novembre 1843) est un peintre américain contemporain de le guerre d indépendance américaine. Il est né à Lebanon (Connecticut). Son père était Jonathan Trumbull (1769 1784), qui fut …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Trumbull (Dichter) — John Trumbull, gemalt von seinem Cousin, dem Maler John Trumbull John Trumbull (* 24. April 1750 in Watertown, Connecticut, damals britische Kolonie, heute USA; † 11. Mai 1831 in Detroit, Michigan, USA) w …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Pitcairn — (* 1722 in Dysart, Fife, Schottland; † 17. Juni 1775 in Boston, Massachusetts, damals britische Kolonie, heute USA) war ein britischer Marineoffizier, der in Boston stationiert war, als der amerikanische Unabhängigkeitskrieg ausbrach. Leben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Adams (president des Etats-Unis) — John Adams (président des États Unis) Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Adams. John Adams …   Wikipédia en Français

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