Tristano, Lennie

Tristano, Lennie
orig. Leonard Joseph Tristano

born March 19, 1919, Chicago, Ill., U.S.
died Nov. 18, 1978, New York, N.Y.

U.S. jazz pianist.

Blind from childhood, Tristano performed and taught in New York City from the 1940s. His recordings featured players who had studied with him, including saxophonists Lee Konitz (b. 1927) and Warne Marsh (1927–87). Although resistant to classification, Tristano's music displayed a rigour and virtuosity appropriate to bebop while its aesthetic foreshadowed much of cool jazz.

* * *

▪ American musician
byname of  Leonard Joseph Tristano 
born March 19, 1919, Chicago, Ill., U.S.
died Nov. 18, 1978, New York, N.Y.
 American jazz pianist, a major figure of cool jazz and an influential teacher.

      Tristano, who became totally blind as a child, began playing piano in taverns at age 12. He grew up in Chicago, where he studied at the American Conservatory of Music (B.Mus, 1943) and was a noted performer and teacher before moving to New York City in 1946.

      There his advanced concepts of improvisation and of harmony soon brought him dedicated followers, most notably saxophonists Lee Konitz (Konitz, Lee) and Warne Marsh (Marsh, Warne) and guitarist Billy Bauer. They played in Tristano's noted 1949 sextet recordings, which included “Wow” and “Crosscurrent” and was characterized by brilliant ensemble melodic interplay. The recordings also featured two free-form collective improvisations, “Intuition” and “Digression,” which predated the free jazz of Ornette Coleman by nearly a decade. In 1951 Tristano opened a school of jazz, which he ran until 1956, after which he spent most of his time teaching privately. He performed and recorded rarely; his last public appearance in the United States was in 1968.

      Tristano aimed for spontaneity, and his music originally was an alternative to the prevailing bop idiom. He concentrated on playing lines with the virtuoso technique and harmonic sophistication of bop but with swing-era rhythmic materials, over an evenly stated, unaccented rhythm section accompaniment. Though his music was considered to be cool jazz as a result of its detachment from conventional emotion, his rhythmic urgency and incisiveness and his linear clarity indicated a passionate quest for pure lyricism. In later recordings such as Lennie Tristano (1955) and The New Tristano (1960–62) his solos became more agitated, with more complex forms, and he experimented with overdubbing and multitrack recording techniques.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tristano, Lennie — orig. Leonard Joseph Tristano (19 mar. 1919, Chicago, Ill., EE.UU.,–18 nov. 1978, Nueva York). Pianista de jazz estadounidense. Ciego desde su niñez, a partir de la década de 1940 actuó e impartió clases en Nueva York. En sus grabaciones se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lennie Tristano (Album) — Lennie Tristano Studioalbum von Lennie Tristano Veröffentlichung 1956 Label Atlantic Records …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lennie Tristano — en 1947 Nom Leonard Joseph Tristano Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lennie Tristano — Lennie Tristano, ca. 1947. Fotografie von William P. Gottlieb …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lennie Tristano — Leonard Joseph Tristano (Chicago, 19 de marzo de 1919 Nueva York, 18 de noviembre de 1978), conocido como Lennie Tristano, fue un pianista estadounidense de jazz. Tristano era ciego desde la infancia, interpretó y e …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tristano — ist der Name folgender Personen: Francesco Tristano (* 1981), luxemburgischer Pianist und Komponist Lennie Tristano (1919–1978), US amerikanischer Jazzmusiker (Pianist, Komponist, Lehrer) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tristano —   [trɪs tænəʊ], Lennie, eigentlich Leonard Joseph Tristano, amerikanischer Jazzpianist, * Chicago (Illinois) 19. 3. 1919, ✝ New York 18. 11. 1978; in frühester Jugend erblindet; spielte in den 1940er Jahren eine Musik, die maßgeblich den Cooljazz …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lennie Tristano (album) — Infobox Album Name = Lennie Tristano Type = studio Artist = Lennie Tristano Quartet Released = June 11 1955 Recorded = Genre = Jazz Length = Label = Atlantic, London Records Producer = Reviews = *Allmusic Rating|4.5|5… …   Wikipedia

  • Lennie Tristano — Leonard Joseph Tristano (19 March1919 18 November1978) was a jazz pianist and composer. He performed in the Cool jazz, bebop, post bop and Avant garde jazz genres. He remains a somewhat overlooked figure in jazz history, but his enormous… …   Wikipedia

  • Lennie — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Lennie Hayton (1908 1971), compositeur américain Lennie James (né en 1965), acteur et scénariste britannique Lennie Tristano (1919 1978), pianiste et… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”