Trent Canal

Trent Canal
Canal, southeastern Ontario, Canada.

Linking Lake Huron with Lake Ontario, the canal extends from the southeastern shore of Georgian Bay up the Severn River to Lake Simcoe, connects several lakes of the Kawartha Lake region to Rice Lake, and passes down the Trent River to the Bay of Quinte and Lake Ontario. Its 242-mi (389-km) main course consists of 33 mi (53 km) of man-made channels and 42 locks. Construction began in 1833. The waterway once served a busy lumber trade; it is now a popular tourist attraction.

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also called  Trent–Severn Waterway 

      canal, southeastern Ontario, Canada, linking Georgian Bay of Lake Huron (Huron, Lake) with Lake Ontario (Ontario, Lake). It extends from the southeastern shore of Georgian Bay near Port Severn, up the Severn River to Lake Simcoe (Simcoe, Lake), eastward, connecting several lakes of the Kawartha Lake region to Rice Lake, and down the Trent River to the Bay of Quinte (Quinte, Bay of) (at Trenton) and Lake Ontario; the small Murray Canal, 8 miles (12 km) long, connects Trenton more directly with Lake Ontario. Trent Canal's 240-mile (386-km) main course consists of 33 miles (53 km) of man-made channels (6 to 8 feet [1.8 to 2.4 metres] deep), marine railways at Big Chute on the Severn River, and 42 locks. Among the latter are two hydraulic-lift (hydraulic power) locks, the one at Peterborough being one of the world's highest (65 feet [20 metres]). The Trent Canal also has branches of 10 and 35 miles (16 and 56 km; the latter with one lock). Started in 1833, the waterway once served a flourishing lumber trade. Because of improved road and rail networks, however, its significance as a commercial water route declined rapidly after 1930. The waterway is now a popular tourist attraction providing access to recreational areas, and it is used for municipal water supplies, flood control, and hydroelectricity. Orillia, Barrie, Lindsay (Kawartha Lakes), Peterborough, and Trenton are the largest communities along the waterway.

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Universalium. 2010.

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