Supplements to the Mishna compiled с AD 300.

The Tosefta consists of laws attributed to the authorities named in the Mishna and generally follows the topical program and organization of the Mishna. Both works were the effort of Jewish scholars, working mostly in Palestine, who gathered, evaluated, and correlated the most important traditions from a vast and heterogeneous mass of material that had developed since the time of Ezra (с 450 BC). The Tosefta may have been meant to complement the Mishna by preserving material that appeared marginal or contradictory.

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      (Aramaic: Supplement, or Addition), a collection of oral traditions related to Jewish oral law. In form and content the Tosefta is quite similar to the Mishna, the first authoritative codification of such laws, which was given its final form early in the 3rd century AD by Judah ha-Nasi. Both the Tosefta and the Mishna represent the work of Jewish scholars called tannaim, who, for the most part, lived in Palestine and spent some 200 years gathering, evaluating, correlating, and selecting the most important traditions from a vast and heterogeneous mass of material that developed from the time of Ezra (c. 450 BC).

      Though experts are not quite sure why two separate collections came into existence, it is probable that the Tosefta was meant to complement the Mishna by preserving certain traditions, proofs, examples, and explanations of oral law that came to light during the years of research. This theory would explain also why some of the traditions mentioned in the Tosefta not only contradict the Mishna but sometimes make the Tosefta inconsistent with itself.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Tosefta — The Tosefta (Aramaic: תוספתא) is a secondary compilation of the Jewish oral law from the period of the Mishnah.OverviewIn many ways, the Tosefta acts as a supplement to the Mishnah ( tosefta means supplement ). The Mishnah is the basic… …   Wikipedia

  • Tosefta — Die Tosefta (aramäisch תוספתא) ist ein Kompendium der mündlichen Überlieferungen und Traditionen des Judentums aus rabbinischer Zeit. Sie stellt in vielen Fällen eine Ergänzung der Mischna, der Hauptsammlung, dar und entstand neben bzw. kurz nach …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Tosefta — Es una de las fuentes legales de la literatura rabinica, junto a la Mishná y el Talmud. Se trata de un compendio legal, con estructura básicamente idéntica a la de la Misnah, dividida en los mismos órdenes y tratados (salvo pequeñas excepciones) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tosefta — To|sef|ta die; <aus gleichbed. hebr. tôsĕftâ, eigtl. »Zusatz«> Ergänzungswerk zur ↑Mischna (nicht im ↑Talmud aufgenommen) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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  • tosefta — Aramaic for ‘addition’; consisting of commentary on the Mishnah compiled in the 3rd cent. CE …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • MISHNAH — (Heb. מִשְׁנָה). The term mishnah is used in a number of different ways (see below), but when used as a proper noun ( the Mishnah ) it designates the collection of rabbinic traditions redacted by Rabbi judah ha nasi (usually called simply Rabbi ) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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