Tompkins, Daniel D.

Tompkins, Daniel D.
born June 21, 1774, Scarsdale, N.Y., U.S.
died June 11, 1825, Staten Island, N.Y.

U.S. politician.

He served on the state supreme court (1804–07). As governor (1807–17), he initiated education and penal-code reforms and helped secure state legislation outlawing slavery. An opponent of banking interests, he blocked the chartering of a bank by calling an end to the legislature's session, the only such occurrence in New York history. He was twice elected vice president with Pres. James Monroe (1817–25).

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▪ vice president of United States
born June 21, 1774, Scarsdale, N.Y., U.S.
died June 11, 1825, Staten Island, N.Y.
 sixth vice president of the United States (1817–25) in the administration of President James Monroe (Monroe, James).

      Tompkins was the son of Jonathon Griffin Tompkins and Sarah Anny Hyatt, who were farmers. Graduating from Columbia College as valedictorian in 1795, he became a lawyer in New York City and later served as a bankruptcy commissioner and a delegate to the state constitutional convention of 1801. He was elected to the New York Assembly in 1803 and to the United States House of Representatives (Representatives, House of) in 1804, though he never took his seat, instead resigning to become an associate justice of the New York Supreme Court. As governor of New York (1807–17) he supported school improvements and a more liberal penal code, including a reduction in the number of offenses eligible for capital punishment. He was largely responsible for the passage of legislation outlawing slavery in the state, and he suppported the creation of a firm final date for the abolition of slavery in the United States. An opponent of banking interests, he attempted to block the chartering in New York of the Bank of North America by proroguing the state legislature in 1812—the only instance of the exercise of this power in the history of New York state.

      During the War of 1812 (1812, War of) Tompkins was forced to borrow heavily, often on his own credit, in order to equip and arm the New York state militia. After the war there was much confusion over the money he had handled, and though Tompkins had gone into debt to pay state expenses, he was involved in legal wrangling that kept him from his duties during much of his time as vice president. The issue was not resolved until 1824, when Congress approved a grant to him of $95,000.

      Nominated New York's candidate for president in 1816, Tompkins eventually accepted Monroe's offer to be his vice-presidential running mate. In 1820, despite his service as vice president, he lost the election for governor of New York. He was renominated as vice president and won a second term but was frequently absent from Washington, D.C., during the last three years of his vice presidency.

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  • Daniel D. Tompkins — 6th Vice President of the United States In office March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825 President James Monroe Preceded by …   Wikipedia

  • Daniel Decius Tompkins — Daniel D. Tompkins Daniel D. Tompkins[1] (* 21. Juni 1774 in Fox Meadows (später Scarsdale), New York; † 11. Juni 1825 in Tompkinsville) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und der 6. Vizepräsident der USA. Tompkins studierte Jura und sammelte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daniel D. Tompkins — Daniel D. Tomkins (21 juin 1774 – 11 juin 1825) est un entrepreneur, juriste, membre du Congrès, Gouverneur de l État de New York et le sixième vice président des États Unis. Biographie Tompkins nait à Fox Meadows (a …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Daniel D. Tompkins — Daniel D. Tompkins[1] (* 21. Juni 1774 in Fox Meadows (später Scarsdale), New York; † 11. Juni 1825 in Tompkinsville) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und der 6. Vizepräsident der USA. Tompkins studierte Jura und sammelte dann Erfahrung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Daniel D. Tompkins — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Daniel D. Tompkins Daniel D. Tompkins (21 de junio de 1774 en Scarsdale, Nueva York 11 de junio de 1825 en Tompkinsville, Isla Staten, Nueva York) fue un político estadounidense, fue Gobernador de Nueva York y el… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Daniel — (del hebreo דָּנִיֵּאל) fue un profeta bíblico cuyo nombre significa Dios es mi juez . Según lo que aparece escrito en la Biblia, Daniel formaba parte de la tribu de Judá que había sido capturada y permanecía en Babilonia cuando Nabucodonosor… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tompkins — /tomp kinz/, n. Daniel D., 1774 1825, U.S. politician and jurist: vice president of the U.S. 1817 25. * * * ▪ county, New York, United States       county, west central New York state, U.S., constituting a plateau region that rises to rugged… …   Universalium

  • Daniel — /dan yeuhl/, n. 1. Bible. a. a prophet living in Babylon during the Captivity. b. the book of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: Dan. 2. Samuel, 1562 1619, English poet and historian: poet laureate 1599 1619. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew… …   Universalium

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