Toledo, councils of

Toledo, councils of
Eighteen councils of the Visigothic church held in Toledo, Spain, from с 400 to 702.

Most attending were bishops, with some members of the lower clergy and the nobility. The decisions often affected civil and political affairs, and nearly all were convoked by kings. At the third Council of Toledo in 589, King Recared rejected his Arian faith and accepted Catholicism, an event that led to the unification of Visigothic Spain with Catholicism as the state religion.

* * *

      18 councils of the Roman Catholic church in Spain, held in Toledo from about 400 to 702. At least 11 of these councils were considered national or plenary; the rest were provincial or local. The acts of all except the 18th have been preserved.

      A majority of those attending the councils were bishops, but some abbots, priests, deacons, and members of the lay nobility also attended. Though ecclesiastical in nature, the councils were often important in Spanish civil and political affairs. Nearly all were convoked by kings, sometimes with the primary purpose of gaining political support from the Spanish church.

      At the third Council of Toledo in 589, King Recared, a previous Arian, read a profession of faith in which he accepted the Catholic faith and anathematized Arius. Because of the king's conversion, many bishops and people accepted the Catholic faith. Visigothic Spain was then unified, and Catholicism was established as the state religion.

      Of the other councils, the 11th in 675 was especially important theologically for its profession of faith. The following are the dates of the several councils:

Ic. 400
IIc. 527/531

      In addition to these 18 early councils, at least 10 other councils were held in Toledo from the 11th to the 16th century. They were important in the canonical history of Spain.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toledo, Councils of —  Толедские Соборы …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • councils — (as used in expressions) Buddhist councils Lyon Councils of Toledo councils of * * * …   Universalium

  • Toledo (Spain) —     Toledo     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Toledo     ARCHDIOCESE OF TOLEDO (TOLETANENSIS)     Primatial see of Spain, whose archbishop, raised almost always to the dignity of Cardinal, occupies the first place in the ranks of the higher Spanish… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Councils of Toledo — (Concilia toletana). From the 5th century to the 7th century, about thirty synods, variously counted, were held at Toledo in what would come to be part of Spain. The earliest, directed against Priscillianism, assembled in 400. The third synod of… …   Wikipedia

  • TOLEDO — TOLEDO, city in Castile, central spain ; capital of Castile until 1561. Early Jewish Settlement and Visigothic Period There is no substantive information available on the beginnings of the Jewish settlement in Toledo, which was only a small… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Toledo, Spain — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Historic City of Toledo State Party = ESP Population = 78.908 (2007) Type = Cultural Criteria = i, ii, iii, iv ID = 379 Region = Europe Year = 1986 Session = 10th Link =… …   Wikipedia

  • Toledo — /teuh lee doh/; for 1, 3, 4, also Sp. /taw le dhaw/, n., pl. Toledos / dohz/; Sp. / dhaws/ for 4. 1. Francisco de /frddahn sees kaw dhe/, c1515 84?, Spanish administrator: viceroy of Peru 1569 81. 2. a port in NW Ohio, on Lake Erie. 354,635. 3. a …   Universalium

  • Toledo Metropolitan Area Council of Governments — The Toledo Metropolitan Area Council of Governments (TMACOG) is a group of local governments, businesses, and schools that work together to improve the quality of life in the Toledo, Ohio metropolitan statistical area. MembershipCurrent members… …   Wikipedia

  • CHURCH COUNCILS — CHURCH COUNCILS, ecclesiastical assemblies ranging from synods of the lower clergy of a single diocese to ecumenical gatherings of the upper clergy representing the Church as a whole and presided over by the pope or his representative. All but… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Cathedral of Toledo — The Cathedral of Saint Mary of Toledo, also called Primate Cathedral of Toledo, is a church in Spain. The seat of the Archdiocese of Toledo, it is one of the three 13th century High Gothic cathedrals in Spain and is considered to be the magnum… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”