Tocqueville, Alexis (-Charles-Henri-Maurice Clérel) de

Tocqueville, Alexis (-Charles-Henri-Maurice Clérel) de
born July 29, 1805, Paris, France
died April 16, 1859, Cannes

French political scientist, historian, and politician.

Born into an aristocratic family, he entered government service by choice. After the July Revolution of 1830, his position became precarious because of his family's ties to the ousted king, and he undertook a nine-month study trip to the U.S. with his friend Gustave de Beaumont. Out of it came his best-known work, Democracy in America, 4 vol. (1835–40), a highly perceptive and prescient analysis of the American political and social system, as well as of the vitality, excesses, and potential future of democracy, with attention to the situation in France. He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1839 and held various political offices after the Revolution of 1848. The Old Regime and the Revolution (1856), a pessimistic analysis of French political tendencies, was the first volume of his unfinished study of the French Revolution.

Tocqueville, detail of an oil painting by T. Chassériau; in the Musée de Versailles

H. Roger-Viollet

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Tocqueville, Alexis (Charles Henri Maurice Clérel) de —  (1805–1859) French politician and historian …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Tocqueville, Charles-Alexis-Henri-Maurice-Clerel de — • Writer and statesman (1805 1859) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Maurice — /mawr is, mor , maw rees /; for 3 also Fr. /maw rddees /, n. 1. German, Moritz. 1521 53, German general: elector of Saxony 1547 53. 2. of Nassau, 1567 1625, Dutch statesman. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Barrès Auguste… …   Universalium

  • Henri — /hen ree/, n. Robert, 1865 1929, U.S. painter. * * * (as used in expressions) Marie Henri Beyle Bazin Henri Émile Becquerel Antoine Henri Bergson Henri Louis Cartier Bresson Henri Chambord Henri Dieudonné d Artois count de Constant de Rebecque… …   Universalium

  • Henri — (as used in expressions) Bazin, Henri Émile Becquerel, (Antoine) Henri Bergson, Henri (Louis) Cartier Bresson, Henri Chambord, Henri Dieudonné d Artois, conde de Constant (de Rebecque), (Henri) Benjamin Dunant, (Jean) Henri Duparc, (Marie Eugène) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maurice — (as used in expressions) Barrès, (Auguste) Maurice Baudot, (Jean Maurice) Émile Béjart, Maurice Maurice Jean Berger Chevalier, Maurice Dirac, P(aul) A(drien) M(aurice) Edelman, Gerald Maurice Evans, Maurice (Herbert) Ewing, (William) Maurice… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alexis — /euh lek sis/, n. a male or female given name: from a Greek word meaning helper. * * * I Russian Aleksey Mikhaylovich born March 9, 1629, Moscow, Russia died Jan. 29, 1676, Moscow Tsar of Russia (1645–76). Son of Michael, the first Romanov… …   Universalium

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

  • Alexis — (as used in expressions) Carrel, Alexis Chabrier, (Alexis) Emmanuel Jean Alexis Moncorgé Tocqueville, Alexis (Charles Henri Maurice Clérel) de …   Enciclopedia Universal

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