Thorpe, Jim

Thorpe, Jim
in full James Francis Thorpe

born May 28, 1888, near Prague, Indian Territory
died March 28, 1953, Lomita, Calif., U.S.

U.S. athlete.

Of predominantly American Indian (Sauk and Fox) descent, he trained as a football halfback under Pop Warner while attending the Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pa. (1908–12), where he also excelled at baseball, basketball, boxing, lacrosse, swimming, and hockey. In 1912 he won the Olympic decathlon and pentathlon by wide margins, but he was deprived of his medals in 1913 after it was discovered he had played semiprofessional baseball. He later played professional baseball and football, and in 1920–21 he served as first president of what would become the National Football League. His Olympic medals were restored posthumously in 1983. Thorpe is generally regarded as the greatest American athlete of the 20th century.

Jim Thorpe demonstrating the drop kick

The Bettmann Archive

* * *

▪ American athlete
byname of  James Francis Thorpe  
born May 28, 1888, near Prague, Indian Territory [now in Oklahoma], U.S.
died March 28, 1953, Lomita, California
  one of the most accomplished all-around athletes in history, who in 1950 was selected by American sportswriters and broadcasters as the greatest American athlete and the greatest gridiron football player of the first half of the 20th century.

      Predominantly of American Indian (Sauk and Fox) descent, Thorpe attended Haskell Indian School in Lawrence, Kansas, and Carlisle (Pennsylvania) Indian Industrial School. While playing football for Carlisle under coach Pop Warner (Warner, Pop), he was chosen as halfback on Walter Camp's All-America (All-America team) teams in 1911 and 1912. He was a marvel of speed, power, kicking, and all-around ability. Also in 1912 Thorpe won the decathlon and the pentathlon by wide margins at the Olympic Games in Stockholm, but in 1913 an investigation by the Amateur Athletic Union showed that he had played semiprofessional baseball in 1909 and 1910, which should have disqualified him from Olympic competition. He was subsequently deprived of his gold medals.

      From 1913 through 1919, Thorpe was an outfielder for the New York, Cincinnati (Ohio), and Boston baseball teams in the National League. He was more successful as one of the early stars of American professional football from 1919 through 1926. He spent two seasons (1922–23) with the Oorang Indians, whose owner attracted crowds by having Thorpe and his teammates dress up and perform “Indian” tricks before games and at halftime. In 1920–21 he served as the first president of the American Professional Football Association (later the National Football League [NFL]). He also excelled in such diverse sports as basketball, boxing, lacrosse, swimming, and hockey. In his later years, even as he was celebrated in magazine and newspaper articles as one of the greatest athletes of all time, alcoholism and inability to adjust to employment outside sports reduced Thorpe to near poverty. The 1951 film biography of his life, titled Jim Thorpe—All American and starring Burt Lancaster, transformed his story into uplifting melodrama, with the fallen hero rescued by his old coach Pop Warner.

      In 1954, after his death, the communities of Mauch Chunk and East Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania, merged to form the borough of Jim Thorpe. From 1955 the Jim Thorpe Trophy was awarded annually to the most valuable player in the NFL. In 1973 the Amateur Athletic Union restored his amateur status, but the International Olympic Committee did not recognize his amateur status until 1982. Thorpe was subsequently restored as a “cowinner” of the decathlon and pentathlon of the 1912 Olympic Games (along with the second-place finishers in those events). His Olympic gold medals were restored to his family in 1983.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thorpe, Jim — p. ext. James Francis Thorpe (28 may. 1888, cerca de Praga, Territorio Indio–28 mar. 1953, Lomita, Cal., EE.UU.). Atleta estadounidense. De ascendencia predominantemente indígena (sauk y fox), se entrenó como halfback de fútbol americano bajo las …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jim Thorpe (Pennsylvania) — Jim Thorpe Zentrum von Jim Thorp Lage in Pennsylvania …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jim Thorpe (Pensilvania) — Jim Thorpe Borough de los Estados Unidos Vista del centro de Jim Thorpe …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jim Thorpe — ➡ Thorpe (II) * * * ▪ Pennsylvania, United States       borough (town), seat of Carbon county, eastern Pennsylvania, U.S., on the Lehigh River, in a valley of the Pocono Mountains, 22 miles (35 km) northwest of Allentown. It was created in 1954… …   Universalium

  • Jim — /jim/, n. a male given name, form of James. * * * (as used in expressions) Beckwourth Jim Bowie Jim Bridger Jim Brown Jim Henson Jim Wong Tung Jim Jim Crow Law Jones Jim Morrison Jim Player Gary Jim Thorpe Jim * * * …   Universalium

  • Jim Thorpe — Infobox NFLretired caption=Jim Thorpe seated at a desk. position=RB, DB number=31 birthdate=birth date|1888|5|28 Prague, Oklahoma deathdate=death date and age|1953|3|28|1888|5|28 Lomita, California debutyear=1920 finalyear=1928 college=Carlisle… …   Wikipedia

  • Jim Thorpe — Para otros usos de este término, véase Thorpe. Jim Thorpe …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania — Coordinates: 40°52′23″N 75°44′11″W / 40.87306°N 75.73639°W / 40.87306; 75.73639 …   Wikipedia

  • Jim Thorpe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Thorpe. Jim Thorpe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jim Thorpe — noun outstanding United States athlete (1888 1953) • Syn: ↑Thorpe, ↑James Francis Thorpe • Instance Hypernyms: ↑athlete, ↑jock * * * Jim Thorpe [ …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”