Thargelia

Thargelia
In Greek religion, a chief Athenian festival of Apollo, celebrated on the sixth and seventh days of Thargelion (April–May).

It was named after the first fruits or the first bread from the new wheat. On the first day, one or two men acting as scapegoats were led through Athens, whipped on the genitalia, and driven across the border. An official registration of adopted people took place on the second day.

* * *

▪ Greek festival
      in Greek religion, one of the chief festivals of Apollo at Athens, celebrated on the sixth and seventh days of Thargelion (May-June). Basically a vegetation ritual upon which an expiatory rite was grafted, the festival was named after the first fruits, or the first bread from the new wheat.

      On the first day of the festival, two men (or a man and a woman) were chosen for their ugliness; acting as scapegoats for community guilt, they were draped in figs and led through the city before being cast out. (See also pharmakos (pharmākos).) Occasionally, as in times of heavy calamity, they were sacrificed, being either thrown into the sea or burned on a funeral pyre. On the second day of the festival, there was a thanks offering, a procession, and the official registration of adopted persons.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thargelia — (Greek Θαργήλια) was one of the chief Athenian festivals in honour of the Delian Apollo and Artemis, held on their birthdays, the 6th and 7th of the month Thargelion (about May 24 and May 25).Essentially an agricultural festival, the Thargelia… …   Wikipedia

  • Thargelĭa — (gr. Ant.), ein dem Ionischen Stamme eigenthümliches Reinigungs u. Sühnungsfest, dem Apollo u. der Artemis am 6. u. 7. Tage des Monats Thargelion (welcher der 11. des Attischen Jahres war u. dem 7. Mai – 5. Juni unsers Kalenders entspricht). In… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thargelia —   Plural, ionisch attisches Vorernte und Sühnefest, das zum Schutz der heranreifenden Saat in Athen im April/Mai gefeiert wurde …   Universal-Lexikon

  • THARGELIA — festus dies apud Athenienses Apollini et Dianae sacer, a quo mensis Aprilis denominatus est. Gyraldus, l. de an. et mensibus. Suid. θαργήλια, ἑορτὴ Α᾿πόλλωνος καὶ Α᾿ρτέμιδος. Iuxta Etymologum ab omnibus Terrae fructibus nuncupatum est. Colebatur… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • thargelia — thärˈgēlēə, ˈjēl noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Greek Thargēlia, plural : an ancient Athenian and Ionian festival celebrated in May in honor of Apollo * * * Thargelia /thär gēˈli ə or jēˈ/ plural noun An ancient Athenian festival …   Useful english dictionary

  • thargelia — thar·ge·lia …   English syllables

  • Thargelia von Milet — (griechisch: Θαργηλία) war nach Plutarch eine Ionierin der alten Zeit (vermutlich der Zeitraum um die Wende vom 6. zum 5. vorchristlichen Jahrhundert). Sie war die Tochter des Hagesagoras, von großer Schönheit, reizvoll und galt als äußerst… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thargelia (person) — Thargelia (Greek: Polytonic|Θαργηλία) was a renowned hetaera (professional high class entertainer/prostitute, something like a courtesan) in ancient Greece. According to Plutarch, she was born in Ionia and made her onslaughts upon the most… …   Wikipedia

  • Thargelia gigantea — Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta …   Wikipedia

  • ТАРГЕЛИИ —    • Thargelĭa,          Θαργήλια, праздник Аполлона, главное торжество его культа в Афинах, праздновавшееся в месяце таргелионе (май июнь), который и получил от него свое название. Название этого праздника показывает, что он сначала относился к… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”