Tambo, Oliver

Tambo, Oliver
born Oct. 27, 1917, Bizana, near Johannesburg, S.Af.

President (1969–91) of South Africa's African National Congress (ANC).

In 1944, with Nelson Mandela and others, he cofounded the Youth League of the ANC. He became the ANC's deputy president in 1958 and was forced into exile in Zambia when it was banned in 1960. He was elected ANC president in 1969 after the death of Albert Lutuli. He returned to South Africa in ill health in 1990 and yielded the party presidency to Mandela.

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▪ South African leader
born Oct. 27, 1917, Bizana, S.Afr.
died April 24, 1993, Johannesburg
 president of the South African black-nationalist African National Congress (ANC) from 1969. He spent more than 30 years in exile (1960–90).

      Born in a Transkei village of subsistence farmers, Tambo attended Anglican and Methodist mission schools and the University of Fort Hare (B.S., 1941) and later studied law. In 1944 with Nelson Mandela (Mandela, Nelson) and others, he cofounded the Youth League of the ANC and, after teaching school briefly, began engaging wholly in nationalist politics and legal cases, rising concurrently in the ranks of the ANC. Joining with Mandela in establishing South Africa's first black law practice in 1952, he was arrested on treason charges in 1956 but was released the following year. In 1958 he became ANC deputy president. Two days after the Sharpeville Massacre, the ANC was banned (March 23, 1960), and Tambo left South Africa to help set up the organization's foreign headquarters, eventually settling in Lusaka, Zambia. He assumed the presidency of the ANC in 1969, two years after the death of its old leader, Chief Albert Luthuli.

      Tambo returned to South Africa from exile on Dec. 13, 1990, to attend the first full-scale conference of ANC members (including exiles and the formerly imprisoned) in more than 30 years. However, because of ill health owing to an earlier stroke, Tambo yielded ANC executive duties to his old colleague Mandela and took the largely honorary post of national chairman of the ANC in 1991.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Tambo, Oliver Reginald — ▪ 1994       South African political activist (b. Oct. 27, 1917, Bizana, South Africa d. April 24, 1993, Johannesburg, South Africa), directed the activities of the black nationalist African National Congress (ANC) from exile for 30 years (1960… …   Universalium

  • Tambo, Oliver — (n. 27 oct. 1917, Bizana, cerca de Johannesburgo, Sudáfrica–24 abr. 1993, Johannesburgo). Presidente (1969–91) de la organización sudafricana Congreso Nacional Africano (ANC). En 1944, junto con Nelson Mandela y otros dirigentes, cofundó la Liga… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oliver — Oliver, Joan Oliver, Joe Oliver, Miguel de los Santos * * * (as used in expressions) Cromwell, Oliver Davis, Benjamin O(liver), Jr. Ellsworth, Oliver Evans, Oliver Goldsmith …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oliver Reginald Tambo — Statue von Oliver Tambo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oliver Tambo — This article is about the person. For the airport, see OR Tambo International Airport. Statue of Tambo at the OR Tambo International Airport …   Wikipedia

  • Oliver Tambo — Una estatua de Oliver Tambo. Oliver Reginald Tambo (27 de octubre de 1917 24 de abril de 1993)76 años fue un político sudafricano anti apartheid y una figura central en el Congreso Nacional Africano. Nació en Mbizana en el este de Mpondoland en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Oliver — /ol euh veuhr/, n. 1. one of the 12 paladins of Charlemagne. Cf. Roland. 2. Joseph ( King ), 1885? 1938, U.S. cornet player, bandleader, and composer: pioneer in jazz. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Cromwell Oliver Davis… …   Universalium

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  • Tambo — steht für: O.R. Tambo, Bezirk in der Provinz Ostkap in Südafrika Pizzo Tambo, Grenzberg im Splügengebiet zwischen Graubünden in der Schweiz und der Provinz Sondrio in Italien Río Tambo, peruanischer Fluss am Ostabhang der peruanischen Anden Tambo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oliver — ist ein männlicher Vorname, der vor allem im englischsprachigen Raum auch als Familienname Verwendung findet. Im deutschen Sprachraum fand der Vorname Oliver erst ab den späten 1950er Jahren weitere Verbreitung. Die feminine Version des Namens… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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