Takfīr wa al-Hijrah

Takfīr wa al-Hijrah
(Arabic; "Excommunication and [Holy] Flight")

Name given by Egyptian authorities to a radical Islamic group calling itself the Society of Muslims.

It was founded in 1971 by a young agronomist, Shukrī Muṣṭafā, who had been arrested in 1965 for distributing Muslim Brotherhood leaflets and was released from prison in 1971. Appealing to those who saw mainstream society
from which the group sought to flee (see Hijrah)
as weak, corrupt, and un-Islamic, it engaged in acts of terrorism and was initially thought to be behind the assassination of Anwar el-Sādāt. The group soon dissolved, partly because of the extreme rigour of its doctrine, and is noteworthy because its actions initiated the repression of fundamentalist groups by security services in Egypt in the late 1970s.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Takfir wa al-Hijrah — (árabe; Excomunión y huida [sagrada] ) . Nombre dado por las autoridades egipcias a un grupo fundamentalista islámico autodenominado Sociedad de los musulmanes. Lo fundó en 1971 el joven agrónomo Shukrī MuFONT face=TahomaṣFONT face=Tahomaṭafā,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • al — /ahl/, n. See Indian mulberry. [ < Hindi al] * * * (as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Al Jazair Muhi al Din Muhammad Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina Zahir al Din Muhammad Khayr al Din Busra al Sham Al… …   Universalium

  • Al — /al/, n. a male given name: form of Albert, Alfred, Aloysius. Symbol, Chem. aluminum. * * * (as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Al Jazair Muhi al Din Muhammad Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina Zahir al Din… …   Universalium

  • AL — 1. Alabama (approved esp. for use with zip code). 2. Anglo Latin. * * * (as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Al Jazair Muhi al Din Muhammad Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina Zahir al Din Muhammad Khayr al Din… …   Universalium

  • Egypt — /ee jipt/, n. 1. Arab Republic of. a republic in NE Africa. 64,791,891; 386,198 sq. mi. (1,000,252 sq. km). Cap.: Cairo. Arabic, Misr. Formerly (1958 71), United Arab Republic. 2. an ancient kingdom in NE Africa: divided into the Nile Delta… …   Universalium

  • WA — 1. Washington (approved esp. for use with zip code). 2. Banking. withholding agent. * * * (as used in expressions) Ngugi wa Thiong o Takfir wa al Hijrah Alf laylah wa laylah * * * ▪ people also called  Lawa,  Va,  Hkawa,  Kawa,  or  Kala … …   Universalium

  • Al — ► contracción Contracción de la preposición a y el artículo el. * * * al 1 Contracción de la preposición «a» y el artículo «el»: ‘Nos vamos al campo’. 2 Se usa mucho delante de un verbo en infinitivo para expresar simultaneidad momentánea con la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • al — ► contracción Contracción de la preposición a y el artículo el. * * * al 1 Contracción de la preposición «a» y el artículo «el»: ‘Nos vamos al campo’. 2 Se usa mucho delante de un verbo en infinitivo para expresar simultaneidad momentánea con la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • wa — (as used in expressions) Alf laylah wa laylah Ngugi wa Thiong o Takfir wa al Hijrah …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Glossary of Islamic terms in Arabic — The following list consists of concepts that are derived from both Islamic and Arab tradition, which are expressed as words in the Arabic language. The main purpose of this list is to disambiguate multiple spellings, to make note of spellings no… …   Wikipedia

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