Taglioni, Marie

Taglioni, Marie
born April 23, 1804, Stockholm, Swed.
died April 24, 1884, Marseille, Fr.

Italian ballet dancer.

She trained with her dancer-choreographer father, Filippo Taglioni (1777–1871), and made her debut in Vienna in 1822. In her father's ballet La Sylphide, introduced at the Paris Opéra in 1832, she became one of the first to dance on pointe. She created a delicate new style, marked by floating leaps and balanced poses such as the arabesque, that typified the early 19th-century Romantic style. Her diaphanous white skirts would evolve into the tutu worn by most classical ballerinas. She toured throughout Europe and, after leaving the Opéra in 1837, danced with the Imperial Ballet in St. Petersburg; she retired from dancing in 1847.

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▪ Italian dancer

born April 23, 1804, Stockholm, Sweden
died April 24, 1884, Marseille, France
 Italian ballet dancer whose fragile, delicate dancing typified the early 19th-century Romantic style.

      Trained chiefly by her father, Filippo Taglioni, she made her debut in Vienna in 1822. In her father's ballet La Sylphide, introduced at the Paris Opéra, March 12, 1832, she became one of the first women to dance on the extreme tips, or points, of the toes; she created a new style marked by floating leaps, such balanced poses as the arabesque, and a delicate, restrained use of the points.

      The diaphanous dress she wore in La Sylphide, with its fitted bodice and airy, bell-like skirt, was the prototype of the tutu, the full, light skirt that, in various lengths, has remained the accepted uniform of the classical dancer for more than a century. Not only did she have Paris at her feet but audiences in London, Milan, Vienna, Berlin, and St. Petersburg hailed her as one of the greatest dancers ballet had ever produced.

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Universalium. 2010.

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