Soranus of Ephesus

Soranus of Ephesus
flourished 2nd century AD, Alexandria and Rome

Greek gynecologist, obstetrician, and pediatrician.

A keen observer and unusually competent practitioner, he wrote works that influenced medical opinion for 1,500 years. His On Midwifery and the Diseases of Women describes contraceptive methods, obstetric techniques that were thought to be new in the 15th century, and what is now recognized as rickets. His suggested treatments for nervous disorders resemble aspects of modern psychotherapy. Soranus also wrote the first known biography of Hippocrates.

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▪ Greek physician
      (near modern Selçuk, Turkey; fl. 2nd century AD, Alexandria and Rome), Greek gynecologist, obstetrician (obstetrics and gynecology), and pediatrician, chief representative of the methodist school of medicine (emphasizing simple rules of practice, based on a theory that attributed all disease to an adverse state of “internal pores”). His writings set medical opinion concerning women's diseases, pregnancy, and infant care for nearly 1,500 years.

      Soranus' remarkable work, On Midwifery and the Diseases of Women, includes numerous descriptions of contraceptive measures; he also describes the obstetric chair and podalic version (delivery of the fetus feet first)—hailed as new discoveries during the 15th century—and renders a recognizable account of rickets. His On Acute and Chronic Diseases contains an excellent chapter on nervous disorders, with suggested treatments resembling aspects of modern psychotherapy. A keen observer and a practitioner of unusual competence, Soranus also wrote the oldest known biography of Hippocrates and a treatise on fractures.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Soranus von Ephesus — Soranus von Ẹphesus,   griechisch Soranọs, griechischer Arzt, lebte Anfang des 2. Jahrhunderts n. Chr. in Rom. Soranus gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Ärzte des Altertums; er verfasste eine Vielzahl von Schriften (nur zum Teil erhalten) zur… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Soranus (Greek physician) — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = AD 98 birth place = Ephesus death date = AD 138) death place = residence = citizenship = nationality = ethnicity = field = physis work institutions =… …   Wikipedia

  • Ephesus — Infobox Settlement official name = Ephesus (Polytonic|Ἔφεσος) other name = (Efes) native name = Ancient City of Anatolia imagesize = 280px image caption = The Celsus LibraryLocation map Turkey label=Ephesus label size=100 lat=37.939722… …   Wikipedia

  • Soranus von Ephesos — Soranos von Ephesos (auch Soranus oder Soran von Ephesos genannt) war ein antiker griechischer Arzt, der um 100 n. Chr. in Rom tätig war. Er gilt als ein bedeutender Vertreter der vorgalenischen Epoche antiker Medizin. Soranos war der Sohn des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wickeln (Kind) — Mit Wickeln, auch Faschen (oder Fatschen, von lat. fascis ‚Bündel‘, cf. Fatschenkind) bezeichnet man eine jahrtausendealte Praxis der Säuglingspflege. Dabei wird das Baby fest mit Stoffbinden umwickelt, so dass es sich nicht mehr bewegen kann. Es …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hippocrates — Infobox Person name =Hippocrates of Kos (Greek: polytonic|Ἱπποκράτης) image size = 240px caption = Engraving by Peter Paul Rubens, 1638, courtesy of the National Library of Medicine. [ Harvnb|National Library of Medicine|2006 ] birth date = ca.… …   Wikipedia

  • Medicine in ancient Rome — Physician of Rome during the Empire. Medicine in ancient Rome combined various techniques using different tools and rituals. Ancient Roman medicine included a number of specializations such as internal medicine,[ …   Wikipedia

  • Midwifery — Midwives redirects here. For the novel by Chris Bohjalian, see Midwives (novel). A midwife measures the height of the mother s fundus at about 26 weeks to determine the probable gestational age of the fetus. Midwifery is a health care profession… …   Wikipedia

  • Caelius Aurelianus — ( fl. 5th century CE) was a Roman physician and writer on medical topics, of Sicca in Numidia. He is best known for his translation from Greek to Latin of a work by Soranus, On Acute and Chronic Diseases . He probably flourished in the 5th… …   Wikipedia

  • Muscio — (also Mustio) is the supposed author of the Genecia (Gynaecia), a treatise of gynecology dating to ca. AD 500, preserved in a manuscript of ca. AD 900.[1] The treatise borrows heavily from Soranus. Nothing is known about the life of Muscio.… …   Wikipedia

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