Soddy, Frederick

Soddy, Frederick
born Sept. 2, 1877, Eastbourne, Sussex, Eng.
died Sept. 22, 1956, Brighton, Sussex

British chemist.

He worked with Ernest Rutherford to develop a theory of the disintegration of radioactive elements. In 1912 he was among the first to conclude that elements might exist in forms (isotopes) of different atomic weights but indistinguishable chemically. In Science and Life (1920) he pointed out the value of isotopes in determining geologic age (see carbon-14 dating). For his investigations of radioactivity and isotopes, he received a 1921 Nobel Prize.

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▪ British chemist
born Sept. 2, 1877, Eastbourne, Sussex, Eng.
died Sept. 22, 1956, Brighton, Sussex
 English chemist and recipient of the 1921 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for investigating radioactive substances and for elaborating the theory of isotopes. He is credited, along with others, with the discovery of the element protactinium in 1917.

      Educated in Wales and at the University of Oxford, he worked under the physicist Sir Ernest Rutherford (Rutherford, Ernest, Baron Rutherford of Nelson, of Cambridge) at McGill University, Montreal (1900–02), then under the chemist Sir William Ramsay (Ramsay, Sir William) at University College, London. After teaching at the University of Glasgow, Scotland (1904–14), Soddy became a professor of chemistry at Oxford (1919–37).

      Soddy worked with Rutherford on the disintegration of radioactive elements. He was among the first to conclude in 1912 that certain elements might exist in forms that differ in atomic weight while being indistinguishable and inseparable chemically. These, upon a suggestion by Margaret Todd, he called isotopes. In Science and Life (1920) he pointed out their value in determining geologic age.

      Soddy turned away from the study of radioactivity in 1914 and became involved in social and economic issues. He was highly critical of the inability of the world's economic systems to make full use of scientific and technological advances.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Soddy, Frederick — Soddy , Frederick …   Scientists

  • Soddy , Frederick — (1877–1956) British chemist Soddy, born the son of a corn merchant in the coastal town of Eastbourne, was educated at the University College of Aberystwyth and Oxford University. After working with Ernest Rutherford in Canada and William Ramsay… …   Scientists

  • Soddy,Frederick — Sod·dy (sŏdʹē), Frederick. 1877 1956. British chemist. He won a 1921 Nobel Prize for investigations into the origin and nature of isotopes. * * * …   Universalium

  • Soddy, Frederick — ► (1877 1956) Químico y físico británico. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1921, por su investigación sobre los procesos de desintegración nuclear. * * * (2 sep. 1877, Eastbourne, Sussex, Inglaterra–22 sep. 1956, Brighton, Sussex). Químico… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Soddy — Frederick Soddy im Jahre 1922. Frederick Soddy (* 2. September 1877 in Eastbourne; † 22. September 1956 in Brighton) war ein englischer Chemiker, Nobelpreisträger und Student von Ernest Rutherford …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick Soddy — Frederick Soddy. Frederick Soddy (n. Eastbourne, Inglaterra, 2 de septiembre de 1877 † Brighton, 22 de septiembre de 1956) fue un químico y profesor universitario inglés. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Frederick Soddy — Infobox Scientist name = Frederick Soddy image size = 180px birth date = birth date|1877|9|2 birth place = Eastbourne, England nationality = United Kingdom death date = death date and age|1956|9|22|1877|9|2 death place = Brighton, England field …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — /fred rik, euhr ik/, n. 1. a city in central Maryland. 27,557. 2. Also, Frederic. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning peace and ruler. * * * (as used in expressions) Ashton Sir Frederick William Mallandaine Frederick Austerlitz… …   Universalium

  • Frederick — (as used in expressions) Ashton, Sir Frederick (William Mallandaine) Frederick Austerlitz Attenborough, Sir David (Frederick) Banting, Sir Frederick Grant Birkenhead, Frederick Edwin Smith, 1 conde de Blanda, George (Frederick) Blunt, Anthony… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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