Simcoe, John Graves

Simcoe, John Graves
born Feb. 25, 1752, Cotterstock, Northamptonshire, Eng.
died Oct. 26, 1806, Exeter, Devonshire

British soldier and colonial administrator in Canada.

He served in the American Revolution as commander of the Queen's Rangers (1777–79). He was taken prisoner (1779) but later released (1781) and invalided back to England. After the Constitutional Act was passed, he served as the first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (now Ontario) from 1792 to 1796. He encouraged immigration and agriculture and supported defense and road building.

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▪ British statesman
born February 25, 1752, Cotterstock, Northamptonshire, England
died October 26, 1806, Exeter, Devonshire

      British soldier and statesman who became the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada (present-day Ontario).

      Simcoe—educated at Exeter Grammar School, Eton College, and Oxford University—entered the British army as an ensign in 1770. He served during the American Revolution (1775–83) and was promoted to captain in 1775. In 1777–81 he commanded the newly formed Queen's Rangers and was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1778. Taken prisoner in 1779, he was subsequently released and, in 1781, invalided back to England, where he married and settled on a country estate in Devon that had been purchased by his wealthy wife.

      Simcoe entered politics as member of Parliament for St. Mawes, Cornwall, in 1790. After passage of the Constitutional Act of 1791, which gave representative government to Canada, he was appointed the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada. As lieutenant governor, he encouraged immigration and agriculture and supported defense and road building, but he was in frequent conflict with the governor in chief, Lord Dorchester. Simcoe was made a major general in 1794.

      Simcoe left Canada in 1796. He served briefly as governor and commander in chief of Santo Domingo (now Hispaniola) in 1797 and was promoted to lieutenant general. Back in England he took command of the Western District at Exeter. He was appointed commander in chief in India in 1806, but he fell ill on his way there; he returned to England, where he died.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Simcoe, John Graves — (1752 1806)    S Speaks in House of Commons on Constitutional Act, 7, 8; birth and family, 15; death of his father, 16; educated at Eton and Oxford, 17; obtains commission as ensign, 18; ordered to America, 18; obtains command of Queen s Rangers …   The makers of Canada

  • Simcoe, John Graves — (25 feb. 1752, Cotterstock, Northamptonshire, Inglaterra–26 oct. 1806, Exeter, Devonshire). Militar británico y administrador colonial en Canadá. Prestó servicios en la guerra de la independencia de los EE.UU. como comandante de los Queen s… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Graves Simcoe — (* 25. Februar 1752 in Cotterstock, Großbritannien; † 26. Oktober 1806 in Exeter) war von 1791 bis 1796 der erste Vizegouverneur von Oberkanada (Upper Canada), was etwa dem südlichen Teil der heutigen Provinz Süd …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Graves Simcoe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Simcoe (homonymie). John Graves Simcoe John Graves Simcoe (25 février 1752 – 26 octobre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Graves (disambiguation) — John Graves may refer to:*John Woodcock Graves (1795–1886), Anglo Australian composer and poet *John George Graves (1866 1945), English entrepreneur *John T. Graves (1806 1870), Irish mathematician *John Graves (born c.1930), Australian rugby… …   Wikipedia

  • John Graves Simcoe — Infobox Person name = John Graves Simcoe caption = Portrait by George Theodore Berthon birth date = February 25, 1752 birth place = Cotterstock, England death date = October 26, 1806 death place = Exeter, England education = Eton College, Merton… …   Wikipedia

  • Simcoe, John — (1714 1759)    Entered the navy and promoted captain, 1743; served on the court martial of Admiral Byng, 1756 1757. Commanded H. M. S. Pembroke at Quebec, 1759, and killed in action.    Index: S Father of John Graves Simcoe, 15; sails with… …   The makers of Canada

  • Simcoe — ist der Familienname von: Anthony Simcoe (* 1969), australischer Schauspieler Elizabeth Simcoe (1762 o. 1766–1850), Ehefrau von John Graves Simcoe John Graves Simcoe (1752–1806), Vizegouverneur von Oberkanada (Upper Canada) Sonstiges: Simcoe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Graves — Graves, Robert R. * * * (as used in expressions) Graves, enfermedad de Graves, Michael Graves, Robert (von Ranke) Graves, Robert James Simcoe, John Graves …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Simcoe-See — Der Lake Simcoe Lake Simcoe ist ein See im südlichen Teil der kanadischen Provinz Ontario, etwa 70 km nördlich der Metropole Toronto gelegen. Er ist der viertgrößte See der Provinz. Zur Zeit der ersten europäischen Erkundungen im 17. Jahrhundert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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