- Shubrā al-Khaymah
It is a northern suburb of Cairo, on the eastern bank of the Nile River. It was formerly a marketplace supplying Cairo with agricultural produce from the rich delta area. In the 1820s the Ottoman viceroy of Egypt built the country's first European-style factories and schools there, and it developed as an industrial centre. The city lies west of the southern terminus of the Ismāʽīliyyah Canal, which links the Suez Canal with the Nile.
* * *▪ Egyptalso spelled Shubra el-Kheima,northern suburb of Cairo, in Al-Qalyūbīyah (Qalyūbīyah, Al-) muḥāfaẓah (governorate), on the east bank of the Nile, Lower Egypt. It was formerly a market town supplying Cairo with agricultural produce from the rich, alluvial delta area. In the 1820s Muḥammad ʿAlī, the Ottoman viceroy of Egypt, built the country's first European-type factories and schools in Shūbra al-Khaymah, and it developed as an industrial centre. Industries now include cotton ginning and the production of textiles, industrial specialty glass, and ceramics. Shubrā al-Khaymah is the site of the Cairo Polytechnic Institute (1961), and a teachers' college now occupies the old viceroy's palace. The town is on the Cairo–Alexandria superhighway and lies just west of the southern terminus of the Turʿat al-Ismāʿīlīyah (Ismailia Canal), which links the Suez Canal with the Nile River. Pop. (1996 est.) 871,000.
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